Saf Health Work.  2014 Jun;5(2):80-85. 10.1016/j.shaw.2014.02.002.

Validation of the Thai Version of a Work-related Quality of Life Scale in the Nursing Profession

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen, Thailand. cnaesi@kku.ac.th
  • 2Department of Clinical Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Science, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen, Thailand.
  • 3Department of Biostatistics, Faculty of Public Health, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen, Thailand.

Abstract

BACKGROUND
Currently available questionnaires for evaluating the quality of worklife do not fully examine every factor related to worklife in all cultures. A tool in Thai is therefore needed for the direct evaluation of the quality of worklife. Our aim was to translate the Work-related Quality of Life Scale-2 (WRQLS-2) into Thai, to assess the validity and reliability of the Thai-translated version, and to examine the tool's accuracy vis-a-vis nursing in Thailand.
METHODS
This was a descriptive correlation study. Forward and backward translations were performed to develop a Thai version of the WRQLS. Six nursing experts participated in assessing content validity and 374 registered nurses (RNs) participated in its testing. After a 2-week interval, 67 RNs were retested. Structural validity was examined using principal components analysis. The Cronbach's alpha values were calculated. The respective independent sample t test and intraclass correlation coefficient were used to analyze known-group validity and test-retest reliability. Multistate sampling was used to select 374 RNs from the In- and Outpatient Department of Srinagarind Hospital of the Khon Kaen University (Khon Kaen, Thailand).
RESULTS
The content validity index of the scale was 0.97. Principal components analysis resulted in a seven-factor model, which explains 59% of the total variance. The overall Cronbach's alpha value was 0.925, whereas the subscales ranged between 0.67 and 0.82. In the assessment results, the known-group validity was established for the difference between civil servants and university employees [F (7.982, 0.005) and t (3.351; p < 0.05)]. Civil servants apparently had a better quality worklife, compared to university employees. Good test-retest reliability was observed (r = 0.892, p < 0.05).
CONCLUSION
The Thai version of a WRQLS appears to be well validated and practicable for determining the quality of the work-life among nurses in Thailand.

Keyword

quality of worklife; registered nurses; Thai version; validity and reliability; Work-Related Quality of Life Scale-2
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