J Breast Dis.  2016 Dec;4(2):92-99. 10.14449/jbd.2016.4.2.92.

Prediction of Axillary Nodal Status according to the Axillary Lymph Node to Primary Breast Tumor Maximum Standardized Uptake Value Ratio on 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose Positron Emission Tomography/Computed Tomography

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Surgery, Daejeon St. Mary's Hospital, The Catholic University of Korea College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
  • 2Department of Surgery, Chungbuk National University College of Medicine and Medical Research Institute, Cheongju, Korea. yjsong@chungbuk.ac.kr

Abstract

PURPOSE
This study aimed to evaluate the usefulness of the axillary lymph node to primary breast tumor maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax) ratio in 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) for predicting the presence of metastasis in axillary lymph nodes.
METHODS
Herein, 196 consecutive patients with breast cancer who underwent PET/CT before surgery from January 2009 to January 2013 were included. We calculated the axillary lymph node to primary breast tumor SUVmax ratio using PET/CT. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), and negative predictive value (NPV) of the ratio were compared with those of nodal SUVmax and axillary ultrasonography. Axillary node metastasis was confirmed with sentinel node biopsy or axillary dissection.
RESULTS
The SUVmax ratio (cutoff, 0.14; area under the curve, 0.741) had 55.4% sensitivity, 91.6% specificity, 76.6% PPV, and 80.5% NPV for predicting axillary node metastasis. No significant difference was observed in terms of predicting axillary node metastasis among the SUVmax ratio, nodal SUVmax, and ultrasonography. In the multivariate analysis, primary tumor size (p=0.014), SUVmax of the primary tumor (p=0.011), axillary ultrasonography findings, nodal SUVmax, and SUVmax ratio were significantly associated with lymph node metastasis (p<0.001).
CONCLUSION
The axillary lymph node to primary breast tumor SUVmax ratio predicted axillary lymph node metastasis, although no significant difference in diagnostic performance was observed between PET/CT and ultrasonography. The axillary lymph node to primary breast tumor SUVmax ratio may be considered an additional method for the preoperative evaluation of axillary lymph node status.

Keyword

Breast neoplasms; Lymph nodes; Neoplasm metastasis; Positron-emission tomography; Ultrasonography
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