Brain Neurorehabil.  2016 Sep;9(2):e5. 10.12786/bn.2016.9.e5.

Brain-machine Interface in Robot-assisted Neurorehabilitation for Patients with Stroke and Upper Extremity Weakness – the Therapeutic Turning Point

  • 1Rehabilitation Hospital and Research Institute, National Rehabilitation Center, Seoul, Korea.


Activity and participation after stroke can be increased by neurorehabilitation of upper extremity. As the technology advances, a robot-assisted restorative therapy with/without a brain-machine interface (BMI) is suggested as a promising therapeutic option. Understanding the therapeutic point of view about robots and BMIs can be linked to the patient-oriented usability of the devices. The therapeutic turning point concept of robot-assisted rehabilitation with BMIs, basics of robotics for stroke and upper extremity weakness and consequent neuroplasticity/motor recovery are reviewed.


Robotics; Brain-machine Interfaces; Rehabilitation; Stroke; Neuroplasticity
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