J Korean Geriatr Soc.  2011 Mar;15(1):29-36.

The Relationship between Hemiplegic Upper Extremity Function and Activities of Daily Living According to Age in Stroke Patients

  • 1Department of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, Chonnam National University Medical School, Chonnam University Research Institute of Medical Sciences, Gwangju, Korea. LEE9299@hitel.net


Age is one of the many factors that can influence functional improvement and activities of daily living (ADL) after a stroke. We looked at the effects of functional improvement of hemiplegic upper extremity (HUE) on ADL according to age in stroke patients.
We recruited 46 stroke patients beginning acute or subacute rehabilitation. They were classified into two groups according to age, the elderly group (> or =65 years, n=18) and the young group (<65 years, n=28). We performed the Pedretti clinical test for sensory evaluation of the upper extremity, the manual function test (MFT) to exam the motor function, and the functional independence measure (FIM) to assess ADL.
Sensory changes to HUE correlated significantly with eating, dressing-lower body, and toileting (self-care sub-item) (p<0.05). Motor changes to HUE correlated significantly with dressing-upper body and toileting (self-care sub-item) (p<0.05). Prior to beginning rehabilitation, there were significant differences in sensory and motor functions of HUE between the two groups (p<0.05) but no significant difference in FIM (p>0.05). There were no significant differences in the changes to Pedretti clinical test, MFT, and FIM between the two groups before and after rehabilitation (p>0.05). In the young group, the motor improvement of HUE correlated significantly with FIM (p<0.05). In the elderly group, however, the sensory improvement and motor improvement of HUE were not correlated with FIM (p>0.05).
In our study, elderly stroke patients showed improvement in function and ADL similar to young stroke patients. This potential should be maximized and elderly stroke patients should receive active rehabilitation.


Stroke; Elderly; Activities of daily living; Upper extremity

MeSH Terms

Activities of Daily Living
Upper Extremity
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