J Korean Ophthalmol Soc.  2012 Mar;53(3):428-433.

Effect of Intravitreal Injection as a Primary Treatment in Cystoid Macular Edema after Cataract Surgery

Affiliations
  • 1Myung-Gok Eye Research Institute, Kim's Eye Hospital, Konyang University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. yjlew@kimeye.com
  • 2Seoul Bright Eye Clinic, Seoul, Korea.
  • 3Department of Ophthalmology, Konyang University Hospital, Daejeon, Korea.

Abstract

PURPOSE
To report the clinical manifestations of intravitreal triamcinolone injection as a primary treatment method for patients with cystoid macular edema after cataract surgery.
METHODS
The present retrospective study was comprised of patients diagnosed with cystoid macular edema after cataract surgery performed between March 2006 and March 2008. To treat the edema, intravitreal triamcinolone injection was administered. Best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) and central macular thickness were measured, and complications as well as efficacy of the treatment were evaluated.
RESULTS
Twelve eyes were selected for the present study with a mean patient age of 67.3 years. The average period between cataract surgery and diagnosis of cystoid macular edema was 7.6 weeks. All 12 eyes received an intravitreal triamcinolone injection, and the patients were followed up for an average of 6.7 months. BCVA (log MAR) was changed from 0.29 +/- 0.12 to 0.11 +/- 0.09, showing statistically significant improvement (p = 0.000). The OCT showed that the average CMT was statistically decreased from 390.58 +/- 94.98 microm to 165.17 +/- 39.95 microm (p = 0.001). No complications were reported after the procedure, and vision and edema improved after one month in all 12 eyes.
CONCLUSIONS
After performing intravitreal triamcinolone injection as a primary treatment method for cystoid macular edema which developed after cataract surgery, rapid recovery and improvement of vision and macular thickness were confirmed in all 12 eyes.

Keyword

Cystoid macular edema; Pseudophakia; Triamcinolone

MeSH Terms

Cataract
Edema
Eye
Humans
Intravitreal Injections
Macular Edema
Pseudophakia
Retrospective Studies
Triamcinolone
Vision, Ocular
Visual Acuity
Triamcinolone

Figure

  • Figure 1 A 61-year-old male patient who presented with visual disturbance in his left eye that had undergone cataract surgery 12 weeks previously. BCVA was 0.2 log MAR and CME was seen on the OCT (A, CMT 399 µm) and FAG (B). After intravitreal triamcinolone acetonide injection, BCVA was improved to 0.1 log MAR and CME was resolved (C, CMT 132 µm), 2 months after the injection. BCVA = best corrected visual acuity; CME = cystroid macular edema; OCT = optical coherence tomography; CMT = central macular thickness; FAG = fluorescein angiography.

  • Figure 2 A 63-year-old male patient who presented with visual disturbance in his right eye that had undergone cataract surgery 8 weeks earlier. BCVA was 0.7 log MAR and CME was seen on the on the OCT (A, CMT 415 µm) and FAG (B). After 1 month after intravitreal triamcinolone injection, CME was still maintained (C, CMT 514 µm). Secondary intravitreal triamcinolone and bevacizumab injection was done and CME resolved 1 month after the secondary injection (D, CMT 182 µm). BCVA = best corrected visual acuity; CME = cystroid macular edema; OCT = optical coherence tomography; CMT = central macular thickness; FAG = fluorescein angiography.


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