J Korean Acad Psychiatr Ment Health Nurs.  2010 Dec;19(4):420-428. 10.12934/jkpmhn.2010.19.4.420.

The Effects of a Self-esteem Improvement Program on Self-esteem, Depression, and Interpersonal Relationships in Community Dwelling Patients with Chronic Schizophrenia

  • 1Department of Nursing, Yeo-Ju Institute of Technology, Korea.
  • 2Department of Nursing, Yonsei University Wonju College of Medicine, Korea. youngmi@yonsei.ac.kr


The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of self-esteem improvement program on self-esteem, depression, and interpersonal relationship in chronic schizophrenia patients living in the community.
The research design was a non-equivalent pre and post control group design. One of two community mental health centers was randomly assigned to receive the intervention and the other served as a control. Eight patients in the intervention group and ten in the control group participated. For the intervention group, the self-esteem improvement program was provided in 60-minute session once a week for 12-weeks. Measurements were Korean version of self-esteem scale (SES-K), Korean version of beck depression inventory (BDI-K), and Korean version of interpersonal relationships (IR-K).
The only statistically significant difference between the experimental and control group was for interpersonal relationships. For the experimental group, there were statistically significant differences in self-esteem and interpersonal relationships.
The results indicate that this type of program has a positive effect on self-esteem and interpersonal relationships and can be a feasible type of intervention program for community dwelling patients with chronic schizophrenia.


Chronic schizophrenia; Self-esteem; Depression; Interpersonal relationship

MeSH Terms

Community Mental Health Centers
Research Design


  • Figure 1 Conceptual framework of the study.

  • Figure 2 Research design. O1=pretest, O2=posttest, X=self-esteem improvement program.


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