J Korean Acad Nurs.  2011 Dec;41(6):805-813. 10.4040/jkan.2011.41.6.805.

Effectiveness of an Interpersonal Relationship Program on Interpersonal Relationships, Self-esteem, and Depression in Nursing Students

  • 1Seoul Women's College of Nursing, Seoul, Korea. wepeace@hanmail.net
  • 2Red Cross College of Nursing, Chung-Ang University, Seoul, Korea.


The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of an interpersonal relationship program on interpersonal relationships, self-esteem, and depression in nursing students.
This was a quasi-experiment with a nonequivalent control group pre-posttest design. Sixty-four nursing students participated in the study with 31 in the experimental group and 33 in the control group. They were from 3 different colleges of nursing located in Seoul. The interpersonal relationship program was held 10 times over 10 weeks, taking 90 minutes per session. The interpersonal relationship change scale developed by Schlein and Guemey, Rosenberg's self-esteem scale, and CED-S for depression were the instruments used in the study. The data collection period was from January 4 to March 8, 2011, and the collected data were analyzed with SPSS 14.0 using the X2-test, t-test, and paired t-test.
The results showed a significant difference between the experimental group and the control group in terms of the degree of interpersonal relationships, self-esteem, and depression.
The results indicate that interpersonal relationship programs have positive effects for improving interpersonal relationships and self-esteem, and decreasing depression in nursing students.


Students; Nursing; Interpersonal relations; Self concept; Depression

MeSH Terms

*Interpersonal Relations
Program Evaluation
*Self Concept
Students, Nursing/*psychology
Young Adult

Cited by  1 articles

Mediating Effects of Interpersonal Problems in the Relationship between Social Network Service Use Tendency and Depression among University Students
Min-Jeong Park, Mi Young Chung
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2019;30(1):38-46.    doi: 10.12799/jkachn.2019.30.1.38.


1. Aanes MM, Mittelmark MB, Hetland J. Interpersonal stress and poor health: The medicating role of loneliness. European Psychologist. 2010. 15:3–11. doi: 10.1027/1016-9040/a000003.
2. Berry DM, York K. Depression and religiosity and/or spirituality in college: A longitudinal survey of students in the USA. Nursing and Health Sciences. 2011. 13:76–83. doi: 10.1111/j.1442-2018.2011.00584.x.
3. Canevello A, Crocker J. Creating good relationships: Responsiveness, relationship quality, and interpersonal goals. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 2010. 99:78–106. doi: 10.1037/a0018186.
4. Choi YJ, Lee GW, Jung CH, Lee AR. The effect of self-closure and rational emotive training on communication ability, stress coping behavior, and self-efficacy of nursing students. Journal of Korean Academy of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing. 2009. 18:186–196.
5. Chon KK, Rhee MK. Preliminary development of Korean version of CES-D. Korean Journal of Clinical Psychology. 1992. 11(1):65–76.
6. Eom H, Choi I. The effect of a group counseling program on self-esteem and interpersonal relationships of Chinese students in Korea. Korean Journal of Counseling. 2010. 11:903–927.
7. Forgas JP. Affective influences on self-disclosure: Mood effects on the intimacy and reciprocity of disclosure personal information. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 2011. 100:449–461. doi: 10.1037/a0021129.
8. Ju IJ, Park DY, Jin MS. The study of core competencies domains and levels. 2010. Seoul: Korea Research Institute for Vocational Education & Training.
9. Kim GH, Kim KH. The effects therapeutic recreation on interpersonal relationships and quality of life in nursing students. Journal of Korean Academy of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing. 2008. 17:431–439.
10. Kim GH, Kim KH. Effects of a self-esteem promotion program on self-esteem and meaning of life among female freshmen. Journal of Korean Academy of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing. 2009. 18:431–438.
11. Kim GH, Kim K, Park H. Outcomes of a program to reduce depression. Western Journal of Nursing Research. 2011. 33:560–576. doi: 10.1177/0193945910386249.
12. Kim HM. The effects of the solution-focused communication training on the problem solving ability and interpersonal relationship of nursing students. Journal of Korean Academy of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing. 2009. 18:399–408.
13. Kim KH, Kim HJ. The effect of therapeutic recreation program on the depression and self-esteem in nursing students. Journal of Korean Academy of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing. 2006. 15:500–507.
14. Kim SH, Park GH. The development of the interpersonal relationship harmony program for university students. Korean Journal of Counseling. 2010. 11:375–393.
15. Lee MS. The mediating effects of cognitive emotion regulation strategies on the relationship between self-esteem and interpersonal relationship abilities. 2011. Seoul: Sungshin Women's University;Unpublished master's thesis.
16. Magnussen L, Amundson MJ. Undergraduate nursing student experience. Nursing and Health Sciences. 2003. 5:261–267. doi: 10.1046/j.1442-2018.2003.00158.x.
17. Moon SM. A study on the effect of human relations training of university students. Journal of Gyeongsang National University. 1980. 19:195–203.
18. Murray SL, Holmes JG, Collins NL. Optimizing assurance: The risk regulation system in relationships. Psychological Bulletin. 2006. 132:641–666. doi: 10.1037/0033.2909.132.5.641.
19. Nelson JM, Gregg N. Depression and anxiety among transitioning adolescents and college students with ADHD, dyslexia, or comorbid ADHD/dyslexia. 2010. Retrieved November 23, 2011. from http://jad.sagepub.com/content/early/2010/10/08/1087054710385783.
20. Park GH. The development of interpersonal relationship harmony program for university students. 2009. Daegu: Kyungbook National University;Unpublished doctoral dissertation.
21. Park KA, Back HS, Han JS. The effects of REBT group counseling on the job stress, positive affect, negative affect and self-esteem of nurses. Korean Journal of Counseling. 2007. 8:951–963.
22. Place SS, Todd PM, Penke L, Asendorpf JB. The ability to judge the romantic interest of others. Psychological Science. 2009. 20:22–26. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-9280.2008.02248.x.
23. Radloff LS. The CES-D scale: A self-report depression scale or research in the general population. Applied Psychological Measurement. 1977. 1:385–401. doi: 10.1177/014662167700100306.
24. Rosenberg M. Society and the adolescent self-image. 1965. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
25. Schlein A, Guerney BG. Relationship enhancement. 1971. Sanfrancisco, CA: Josey-Bass.
26. Song SW. The effects of self-assertiveness training program on college student's depression, interpersonal relationships and self-assertiveness. Korean Journal of Youth Counseling. 2008. 16(1):103–117.
27. Steptoe A, Tsuda A, Tanaka Y, Wardle J. Depressive symptoms, socio-economic background, sense of control, and cultural factors in university students from 23 countries. International Journal of Behavioral Medicine. 2007. 14:97–107. doi: 10.1080/10705500701471480.
28. Suikkala A, Leino-Kilpi H, Katajisto J. Nursing student-patient relationships: A descriptive study of students' and patients' view. International Journal of Nursing Education Scholarship. 2008. 5:Article15. doi: 10.2202/1548-923X.1457.
29. Yoo C. The effects of a communication training program on interpersonal relations and self-esteem of vocational college students. 2008. Gwangju: Chonnam National University;Unpublished master's thesis.
30. Yoon YH, Koh MS. A study on the effects of ET training for the development of interpersonal relationship and self-identity. Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing Administration. 2004. 10:291–298.
Full Text Links
  • JKAN
export Copy
  • Twitter
  • Facebook
Similar articles
Copyright © 2024 by Korean Association of Medical Journal Editors. All rights reserved.     E-mail: koreamed@kamje.or.kr