J Rheum Dis.  2013 Aug;20(4):223-230. 10.4078/jrd.2013.20.4.223.

The Urate-lowering Efficacy and Safety of Febuxostat in Korean Patients with Gout

  • 1Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul St. Mary's Hospital, Seoul, Korea.
  • 2Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, Korea. ysong@snu.ac.kr
  • 3Department of Internal Medicine, Inha University Hospital, Incheon, Korea.
  • 4Department of Internal Medicine, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
  • 5Department of Internal Medicine, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
  • 6Department of Internal Medicine, Severance Hospital, Seoul, Korea.
  • 7Department of Medicine, Hanyang University Medical Center, Seoul, Korea.
  • 8Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seongnam, Korea.
  • 9Department of Internal Medicine, Hallym University Sacred Heart Hospital, Pyeongchon, Korea.
  • 10Department of Internal Medicine, Gachon Medical School Gil Medical Center, Incheon, Korea.
  • 11Department of Biostatistics, Seo Kyeong University, Seoul, Korea.


To compare the urate-lowering efficacy and the safety of febuxostat, allopurinol and placebo in Korean patients with gout for 4 weeks.
Subjects (n=182) with gout were randomized to febuxostat (40, 80, 120 mg), allopurinol 300 mg, or placebo group. The primary end point was the proportion of subjects whose serum urate concentration fell to less than 6.0 mg/dL after the 4-week treatment.
The primary end point was reached at 25.7%, 80.0% and 83.3% of patients receiving 40, 80 and 120 mg of febuxostat, respectively, 58.3% of those receiving 300 mg of allopurinol and none of the placebo (p<0.001: each febuxostat dose or allopurinol group versus placebo group, p=0.0484 and p=0.0196: febuxostat 80 and 120 mg compared with allopurinol, respectively). The number and proportion of subjects who developed adverse events (AEs) were 13 subjects (37%), 14 (39%) and 18 (50%) in the febuxostat of 40, 80 and 120 mg group, respectively, 21 (57%) in the allopurinol 300 mg group and 17 (46%) in the placebo group. No statistically significant differences in the incidence rates of adverse events were observed between the groups. There was no significant difference in gout flare-up incidence.
Febuxostat, 80 mg or 120 mg, was more effective than allopurinol (300 mg) or placebo, when lowering the serum urate. The safety of febuxostat and allopurinol was comparable.


Gout; Febuxostat; Urate-lowering efficacy; Korean patients

MeSH Terms

Uric Acid
Uric Acid


  • Figure 1. Flow chart of the patient allocation.

  • Figure 2. The proportions of subjects with serum urate levels falling to <6.0 mg/dL after the 4-week treatment. ∗p<0.0001 vs. placebo, Febuxostat 40 mg, 80 mg, 120 mg vs. allopurinol, p=0.0054, 0.0484, 0.0196 respectively. p-value by Fisher's exact test or chi-square test.

  • Figure 3. The frequency of subjects with gout flare-up. There were no significant differences in the incidence of gout flare-up between the groups during the treatment period (p>0.05).

Cited by  2 articles

The Efficacy and Safety of Febuxostat in Korean Patients with Gout
Sung Won Lee
J Rheum Dis. 2013;20(5):277-279.    doi: 10.4078/jrd.2013.20.5.277.

Comparative Efficacy and Safety of Febuxostat and Allopurinol in the Treatment of Hyperuricemia: A Bayesian Network Meta-analysis
Gwan Gyu Song, Young Ho Lee
J Rheum Dis. 2015;22(6):356-365.    doi: 10.4078/jrd.2015.22.6.356.



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