J Korean Acad Fam Med.  2006 Jul;27(7):556-560.

The Difference of Smoking Rates before and after Hospital Admission

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Family Medicine, College of Medicine, Hallym University, Hangang Sacred Heart Hospital, Seoul, Korea. doctorkmy@hallym.ac.kr

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The harmfulness of smoking is well known, but the smoking rate of adult males in Korea is still high. Therefore, we wanted to find out the factors related to smoking cessation among patients who had been admitted to hospital and to make an effective smoking cessation program.
METHODS
We reviewed the medical records of patients who had been admitted to the department of internal medicine or orthopedic surgery of an hospital from January 25, 2005 to June 15, 2005. We enrolled 104 male patients who were smokers and gave them telephone interviews. Among them, 74 patients answered (71.2%).
RESULTS
Among the subjects, 10 patients quit smoking and 64 smoked continuously. Age, duration and amount of smoking, past experiences of smoking cessation were not significantly different between the two groups. The patients who were admitted to the department of internal medicine (P=0.047) and advised from doctors to quit smoking (P=0.010) showed a high smoking cessation rate. The patients who were advised by doctors showed a higher rate of planning for smoking cessation, even though they were still smoking (P=0.001).
CONCLUSION
For smoking cessation in admission patient's, doctor's advice to quit smoking was important.

Keyword

smoking cessation; admission; patient education; discharge from hospital; smoking rate

MeSH Terms

Adult
Humans
Internal Medicine
Interviews as Topic
Korea
Male
Medical Records
Orthopedics
Patient Education as Topic
Smoke*
Smoking Cessation
Smoking*
Smoke
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