J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs.  2015 Mar;26(1):42-51. 10.12799/jkachn.2015.26.1.42.

The Effect of Abuse Experience and Coping Styles on Suicidal Ideation in the Elderly

  • 1Department of Nursing, Daedong College, Busan, Korea.
  • 2College of Nursing, Pusan National University, Yangsan, Korea. tomas@pusan.ac.kr


The aim of this study is to determine the impact of abuse experience and coping styles on suicidal ideation in Korean elders.
Data were collected from the 2011 Korean National Survey on the Elderly. The participants were 10,537 elders aged 65 or older who had replied to the question on suicidal ideation. Socio-demographic and health related factors, abuse experience, and coping style were included as the influence factors of suicidal ideation. Data were analyzed using x2-test and logistic stepwise regression with the SPSS/WIN 21.0 program.
The prevalence of abuse experience among the elders was 12.7% and that of suicidal ideation was 11.2%. Elders with abuse experience (OR=2.79, 95% CI=2.39~3.26) were more likely to have suicidal ideation but those with an active coping style (OR=0.69, 95% CI=0.57~0.84) were less likely to have suicidal ideation even with other influence factors controlled.
Abuse experience of the elderly was a major risk factor that increased suicidal ideation, and active coping style was a protective factor that reduced suicidal ideation. These findings show that careful attention to elderly abuse and education for active coping style are necessary to reduce suicidal ideation among the elderly.


Elder abuse; Suicidal ideation; Aged

MeSH Terms

Elder Abuse
Risk Factors
Suicidal Ideation*

Cited by  1 articles

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Si Eun Lee, Gwi-Ryung Son Hong
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