Korean J Phys Anthropol.  2007 Sep;20(3):201-211.

Low-dose Radiation-induced Hormetic Effect in the Rat Ovarian Follicle

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Anatomy, College of Medicine, Chungnam National University. wonsikk@cnu.ac.kr
  • 2Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, College of Medicine, Chungnam National University.
  • 3Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Eulji Medical University.

Abstract

Hormesis is the generally-favorable biological responses to low exposures to toxins and other stressors. Radiation hormesis is the theory that ionizing radiation is benign at low levels of exposure, and that doses at the level of natural background radiation can be beneficial. The purpose of this study is to reveal the hormetic effect of low-dose radiation of ionizing radiation on the ovarian follicles of 4-week old female mice. Mice were grouped into control group, 2 cGy irradiated group, 2 cGy and 2 Gy irradiated group (2 cGY pre-exposure group), and 2 Gy irradited group. Mice were sacrificed by cervical dislocation 24 hours after irradiation, removed ovaries, fixed in neutral formaldehyde solution for 24 hours, embedded with paraffin, stained with hematoxylin and eosin and TUNEL immunohistochemically, and observed light microscopically the atretic follicles and normal follicles in various follicular developmental stages. In this experiment, the ratrio of atretic follicles to entire follicles in an ovary increased significantly in 2 Gyirradiated group compared with 2 cGY pre-exposure group, and the ratio of normal follicles to the entire follicles in an ovary in all the developmental stages were increased significantly in the 2 cGY pre-exposure group compared with 2 Gy-irradiated group. These results mean that low-dose radiation pre-exposure can induce the hormetic effect in the developing ovarian follicle.

Keyword

Hormesis; Follicular atresia; Apotosis; TUNEL

MeSH Terms

Animals
Background Radiation
Dislocations
Eosine Yellowish-(YS)
Female
Follicular Atresia
Formaldehyde
Hematoxylin
Hormesis
Humans
In Situ Nick-End Labeling
Mice
Ovarian Follicle*
Ovary
Paraffin
Radiation, Ionizing
Rats*
Eosine Yellowish-(YS)
Formaldehyde
Hematoxylin
Paraffin
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