Allergy Asthma Respir Dis.  2013 Dec;1(4):391-394. 10.4168/aard.2013.1.4.391.

Chronic pulmonary complications due to toxic epidermal necrolysis

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Pediatrics, Inha University School of Medicine, Incheon, Korea. kimjhmd@inha.ac.kr

Abstract

Toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) is the most severe form of skin reactions caused by drugs or infection. Acute pulmonary complications in TEN are often observed. The mortality is especially high in those who suffer chronic pulmonary complications of TEN such as bronchiolitis obliterance, which occur as a consequence of bronchial epithelial injury. We report a case of a 16-year-old male who had required mechanical ventilation due to acute respiratory distress syndrome caused by TEN at 8 years of age. Although the patient initially recovered from acute respiratory distress syndrome, he required mechanical ventilation again due to severe chronic pulmonary complications of bronchiolitis obliterance and bronchiectasis caused by respiratory epithelial detachment. Thereafter, chronic bronchitis and chronic sinusitis has persisted due to mucosal ciliary dysfunction and several episodes of spontaneous pneumothorax has occurred. However, despite these persisting and serious sequelae of TEN, the patient has survived for 8 years. We report a rare case of a patient with long-term chronic pulmonary complications who had previously suffered TEN 8 years ago.

Keyword

Toxic epidermal necrolysis; Recurrent spontaneous pneumothorax; Pulmonary complication
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