Korean J Biol Psychiatry.  2015 Aug;22(3):109-112. 10.0000/kjbp.2015.22.3.109.

Detecting Deception Using Neuroscience : A Review on Lie Detection Using Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging

Affiliations
  • 1Ewha Brain Institute, Ewha Womans University, Seoul, Korea. kjieun@ewha.ac.kr
  • 2Seoul High Court, Seoul, Korea.
  • 3College of Pharmacy, Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Ewha Womans University, Seoul, Korea.
  • 4School of Business, Ewha Womans University, Seoul, Korea. ksshin@ewha.ac.kr
  • 5Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, Ewha Womans University Graduate School, Seoul, Korea.

Abstract

Since the early 2000s, there has been a continued interest in lie detection using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) in neuroscience and forensic sciences, as well as in newly emerging fields including neuroethics and neurolaw. Related fMRI studies have revealed converging evidence that brain regions including the prefrontal cortex, anterior cingulate cortex, parietal cortex, and anterior insula are associated with deceptive behavior. However, fMRI-based lie detection has thus far not been generally accepted as evidence in court, as methodological shortcomings, generalizability issues, and ethical and legal concerns are yet to be resolved. In the present review, we aim to illustrate these achievements and limitations of fMRI-based lie detection.

Keyword

Lie detection; Brain; Functional magnetic resonance imaging
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