Korean J Gastrointest Endosc.  1987 Nov;7(1):19-26.

Clinical Reviews on 28 Patients with Ulcerative Colitis

Abstract

The ulcerative colitis is a relatively common disease in the European and North American countries aince Dr. Wilks has first reported the cases in 1895, But in Korea, this disease is a rare entity and only a few case have been reported. However, rescently the diagnoetic methods for ulcerative colitis are much developed we have experienced 28 cases of ulcerative colitis which were diagnosed by endoscopy, barium enema exam and biopsy. Therefore a total of 28 patient with ulcerative colitis diagnosed and treated at the department of internal medicine of HYUH from June 1979 to June 1986 was reviewed. We obtained the results as follows; 1) The sex distribution assumed a ratio of 1 to 1.33 with 12 males and 16 females. 2) The age dietribution was relatively even but the majority of cases were between 5th and 6th decade (32.1%), 3) The most prominent clinical symptoms were rectal bleeding, abdominal pain, diarrhea, fever, wight loss and vomiting. 4) Significant laboratory findins were anemia, eleveited ESR, leukocytosis, positive stool OB, electrolyte imbalance and decreased serum albumin level. 5) As to the extent of disease determined by the barium enema examination and endoscopic exam., rectum or rectosigmoid colon is involved in majority of the cases (92.8%). 6) The endoscopic examination was performed in all 28 cases and showed significant findings such as ulceration, hyperemia, mucosal friability, bleeding etcs. 7) The barium enema examination was performed in 19 cases and showed positive findings such as ulceration, luminal narrowing, bowel shortening and rigidity in 17 cases. 8) 21 of 28 patients treated by medical therapy showed relatively improved but 4 of 28 patients was exacerbated or relapsed and one has expired.

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