Korean J Adult Nurs.  2015 Oct;27(5):594-603. 10.7475/kjan.2015.27.5.594.

Effects of a Health Promotion Program on Healthy Aging Preparation for Late Middle Aged Women

  • 1Department of Nursing, Kaya University, Gimhae, Korea.
  • 2College of Nursing, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, Korea. srsuh@knu.ac.kr


The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of health promotion program on healthy aging preparation for late middle aged women.
The research design was a non-equivalent control group quasi-experimental study. Participants were recruited from K and Y cities in Gyeong-nam Province from October, 2013 to January, 2014. They were 26 for the experimental group and 31 for the control group. The experimental group participated in a health promotion program for healthy aging preparation. The program consisted of education, exercise, and small group discussion over 8 weeks. Data were analyzed by Chi-square, t-test and ANCOVA, using the PASW 18.0 program.
There were significant improvements in aging anxiety and general self-efficacy, health promoting behaviors in the experimental group compared to those of the control group. However, there was no significant differences in attitude toward older adults between the two groups.
The health promotion program on healthy aging preparation for late middle aged women was found to be effective in enhancing aging anxiety and self-efficacy, and health promoting behavior. Thus, the developed program is recommended for use in clinical practice as an effective nursing intervention for late middle aged women in order to keep up with their health in later life.

MeSH Terms

Health Promotion*
Middle Aged*
Research Design


1.Lee JH., Lee OS. Education needs for aging of middle aged. Korean Journal of Research on Gerontology. 2007. 17:85–104.
2.Lim EJ., Noh JH. The effect related to health promoting behaviors of the late middle aged. Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society. 2012. 13(10):4694–702. http://dx.doi.org/10.5762/KAIS.2012.13.10.4694.
3.Park HA., Park YS., Oh HS., Kim HJ. Development of health information program for the middle aged women. Korean Society of Women Health Nursing. 2002. 8(2):165–76.
4.Britton A., Shipley M., Singh-Manoux A., Marmot MG. Successful aging: the contribution of early-life and midlife risk factors. Journal of American Geriatric Society. 2008. 56(6):1098–105. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1532-5415.2008.01740.x.
5.Walker SN., Sechrist K., Pender NJ. The health-promoting lifestyle profile: development and psychometric characteristics. Nursing Research. 1987. 136(2):76–81.
6.Kim JS., Kang S. Baby boom generation's burden for taking care of children, aging anxiety, preparations for old age and quality of life. Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing. 2012. 26(3):440–52. http://dx.doi.org/10.5932/JKPHN.2012.26.3.440.
7.Lasher KP., Faulkender PJ. Measurement of aging anxiety: development of the anxiety about aging scale. International Journal of Aging and Human Development. 1993. 37(4):247–59.
8.Ministry of Health and Welfare. Survey public perceptions about aging and low fertility [Internet]. Seoul: Ministry of Health and Welfare;2012. [cited 2012 January 17]. Available from:. http://www.mw.go.kr/front_new/sch/index.jsp?sflag=1&coll=MWNEWS_FILE&query=저출산고령화&before_query=노후불안&SortType=1&dateGbn=all&boolType=and&cat=ALL&nowPage=7.
9.Jung YM. The effects of a web-based senescence preparation program for a middle-aged group. Journal of the Korean Gerontological Society. 2009. 29(3):1025–41.
10.Kim HS., Choi E., Yang JN. A study of knowledge about aging and aging anxiety. Mental Health and Social Work. 2009. 32:135–65.
11.Lee KJ., Chang CJ., Yoo JH. Effects of a health promoting education program on self-efficacy, knowledge of health management and health promoting behavior for middle-aged women. Journal Korean Academy Community Health Nursing. 2004. 24(4):488–97.
12.Chen G., Gully SM., Eden D. Validation of a new general self-efficacy scale. Organizational Research Methods. 2001. 4(1):62–83. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/109442810141004.
13.Park HS., Cho GY., Park KY. The effect of an integrated health-promotion program in middle-aged women. Korean Society of Women Health Nursing. 2004. 10(2):136–43.
14.Lee KJ., Yi YJ., Kim CN. Comparison of the effects of an exercise program in non-obese and obese women. Journal of Academy Nursing. 2007. 37(5):684–92.
15.Park HS., Sung MH., Lee YM. Effects of health management program on body composition, self-efficacy and health promotion behavior in middle-aged women. Korean Society of Women Health Nursing. 2003. 10(2):136–43.
16.Suh SR., Choi HJ., Lee CG., Cha MY., Jo IH. Association between knowledge and attitude about aging and life satisfaction among older Koreans. Asian Nursing Research. 2012. 6:96–101. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.anr.2012.07.002.
17.Han GH., Noh YJ. The turn of the 40 middle-aged women experience and respond to changes in the qualitative research. Family and culture. 2000. 12(1):67–91.
18.Suh SR., Lee EH. A path model predicting medication adherence and self-care of low-income older adults with hypertension. Korean Journal of Adult Nursing. 2011. 23(4):374–85.
19.Walker SN., Hill-polrecky D. Psychometric evaluation of the health-promoting lifestyle profile Ⅱ. In proceeding of the 1996 Scientific Session of the American Nurse Association's Council of Nurse Researchers. Washington DC.: 1996-06-110.
20.Seo HM. A study of factors on health promoting lifestyle in the elderly-application of Pender's Health Promotion Model-. Journal Korean Academy Nursing. 2004. 34(7):1288–97.
21.Jung YM. Development of a web-based senescence preparation education program for a successful aging for middle-aged adult. Journal Korean Academy Nursing. 2008. 38(6):831–42. http://dx.doi.org/10.4040/jkan.2008.38.6.831.
22.Kim BS., Yang ON., Kang I., Han EJ., Won MH. Life stage program in an aged society. Journal of the Korean Gerontological Society. 2005. 25(2):229–44.
23.Cox KL., Burke V., Morton AR., Gillam HF., Beilin LJ., Puddey IB. Long-term effect of exercise on blood pressure and lipids in healthy women aged 40-65 years: the sedentary women exercise adherence trial (SWEAT). Journal of Hypertension. 2001. 19(10):1733–43.
24.Gu MO. A review of health promotion program for the elderly. Journal Korean Academy Nursing. 2000. 30(4):932–47.
25.Yu SJ., Kim SM., Lee YJ. The effect of senior simulation on nurses' attitude toward the elderly. Journal of Academy Nursing. 2004. 34(6):974–82.
26.Haver D. Health promotion and aging: practitional application for health professionals. New York, Springer Publishing Company: Inc;2010.
27.Jun GY., Song HA., Go SJ., Kim IM. Family life education program of preparing for successful aging. Journal of the Korean Gerontological Society. 2000. 20(1):69–91.
28.Sohn HH. An ecological approach to study the health promotion behavior of the elderly in Kangseo-ku Seoul. Journal Korean Home Economics Association. 2004. 42(12):77–92.
29.Ory M., Hoffman MK., Hawkins M., Sanner B., Mockenhaupt R. Challenging aging stereotypes. American Journal Preventive Medicine. 2003. 25(3 Sii):164–71.
Full Text Links
  • KJAN
export Copy
  • Twitter
  • Facebook
Similar articles
Copyright © 2024 by Korean Association of Medical Journal Editors. All rights reserved.     E-mail: koreamed@kamje.or.kr