Korean J Women Health Nurs.  2019 Dec;25(4):392-408. 10.4069/kjwhn.2019.25.4.392.

Effects of an Aging Management Program for Middle-aged Women on Resilience and Successful Aging

Affiliations
  • 1Assistant Professor, Department of Nursing, Chunnam Techno University, Gokseong, Korea.
  • 2Professor, College of Nursing · Institute of Health Sciences, Gyeongsang National University, Jinju, Korea. sung@gnu.ac.kr

Abstract

PURPOSE
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of an aging management program on the resilience and successful aging of middle-aged women.
METHODS
A quasi-experimental study with a non-equivalent control and pre-post test design was used. The participants were 39 middle-aged women living in urban areas in Korea. The experimental group (n=22) received the aging management program for a total of 10 weeks, 90 minutes to 120 minutes per week. The aging management program consisted of strategies to enhance the behavior, promotion conditions, and habits of the program, including various activities for middle-aged women. The data were analyzed using χ² tests, independent t-tests, and repeated measures analysis of variance with the SPSS/WIN 21.0 program.
RESULTS
The resilience score of the experimental group was significantly higher level than the score of the control group in the time-to-group interactions (F=3.70, p=0.029). The successful aging score of the experimental group was significantly higher than the score of the control group in the time-to-group interactions (F=5.86, p=0.004). However, the sub-hypotheses of resilience (self-regulation and interpersonal relationships) and successful aging (physical aging adaptation and psychological age adaptation) were partially accepted.
CONCLUSIONS
The aging management program for middle-aged women was identified as an effective intervention for promoting resilience and successful aging in middle-aged women. Therefore, this suggests that the aging care program could be a useful intervention program to improve the mental health of middle-aged women living in communities.

Keyword

Women; Middle aged; Psychological resilience; Aging; Preventive health services
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