J Korean Pediatr Soc.  1995 Apr;38(4):507-512.

Analysis of Contaminated Ground Water Inducing Methemoglobinemia and Epidemiologic Investigation of Contaminated Ground Water

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Pediatrics, Preventive Medicine, College of Medicine, Hanyang University, Seoul, Korea.
  • 2Seoul Metropolitan Government Institute of Health and Environment, Korea.

Abstract

PURPOSE: Drining of Nitrate-contaminated water has been the most common cause of acquired methemoglobinemia. We had cyanotic infant diagnosed as methemoglobinemia caused by feeding with powdered formula mixed with nitrate-contaminated ground water.
METHODS
We had done epidemiologic investigation to identify the cause of an infant's methemoglobinemia. Analysis of ground water and blood test of involved family members and neighbors were performed
RESULTS
Analysis of the 8 household ground water revealed high level of nitrate(29837 ppm), indicating contamination of water as the cause of methemoglobinemia. We had done blood tests to evaluate the methemoglobin level of 65 people in the neighborhood ; among them, there was no infant and we could not find another cyanotic case of methemoglobinemia. They had normal blood level of methemoglobinemic concentration.
CONCLUSIONS
If ground water will be used for drinking water, especially for formula water, epidemiologic investigation and analysis of ground waters should be recommended.

Keyword

Nitrate-contaminated methemoglobinemia; Epidemiologic investigation

MeSH Terms

Drinking Water
Family Characteristics
Groundwater*
Hematologic Tests
Humans
Infant
Methemoglobin
Methemoglobinemia*
Residence Characteristics
Drinking Water
Methemoglobin
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