J Korean Soc Pediatr Endocrinol.  1999 Dec;4(2):186-194.

Serum IGF-I, Free IGF-I, IGFBP-1, IGFBP-3 Levels in Children with Intrauterine Growth Retardation

Abstract

PURPOSE
Most but not all intrauterine growth retardation(IUGR) children has catch-up growth postnatally. However, nothing is known about the predictive parameters on the catch-up growth. The aim of this study was to describe serum IGF-I, free IGF-I, IGFBP-1, and IGFBP-3 levels in IUGR children and to correlate these hormone values with auxologic parameters to investigate their value on the postnatal growth pattern.
METHODS
Among children with IUGR born at Ewha Womans University from Jan. 1995 to Aug. 1998, 16 children with IUGR at 3 years of age and 12 age-matched normal controls were studied for auxologic and biologic parameters. We measured height, weight, and serum levels of insulin-like growth factor(IGF)-I, free IGF-I, IGF binding protein(BP)-1, IGFBP-3 using immunoradiometric kits.
RESULTS
1)Among 16 children with IUGR at 3 years of age, 13 children had catch-up growth(81.3%), but 3 children remained short stature(18.7%). The height standard deviation score(SDS) in children with IUGR and control were -0.3+/-0.8 and 0.8+/-0.7, respectively(P<0.05) and weight SDS were -0.7+/-0.9 and 1.1+/-1.1, respectively(P>0.05). 2)Serum IGF-I levels in children with IUGR at 3 years of age and normal control were 90.9+/-35.4ng/mL and 68.4+/-24.4ng/mL, respectively(p>0.05) and free IGF-I were 0.9+/-0.5ng/mL and 0.6+/-0.3ng/mL(p>0.05), IGFBP-1 were 50.5+/-30.5ng/ mL and 52.3+/-23.2ng/mL(p>0.05), IGFBP-3 were 4,116.7+/-1,062.2ng/mL and 4,058.4+/-808.5ng/mL(p>0.05), respectively. 3)In children with IUGR at 3 years of age, height SDS in IUGR children with catch-up growth and those without catch-up growth were 0.002+/-0.6 and -1.5+/-0.7, respectively(P<0.001), but there were no differences in weight SDS, body mass index, IGF-I, free IGF-I, IGFBP-1 and IGFBP-3. 4)There were no significant correlations between height gain and any growth factors.
CONCLUSION
The results show that there is no difference in the levels of IGF-I, free IGF-I, IGFBP-1 and IGFBP-3 in IUGR children at 3 years of age compared to age-matched normal control, suggesting that other factors rather than IGF-I, free IGF-I, IGFBP-1, IGFBP-3 may cause short stature in IUGR.

Keyword

Intrauterine growth retardation; short stature; IGF-I; Free IGF-I; IGFBP-1; IGFBP-3

MeSH Terms

Body Mass Index
Child*
Female
Fetal Growth Retardation*
Humans
Insulin-Like Growth Factor Binding Protein 1*
Insulin-Like Growth Factor Binding Protein 3*
Insulin-Like Growth Factor I*
Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins
Insulin-Like Growth Factor Binding Protein 1
Insulin-Like Growth Factor Binding Protein 3
Insulin-Like Growth Factor I
Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins
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