Clin Psychopharmacol Neurosci.  2013 Apr;11(1):13-17.

No Association between the Response to Methylphenidate and DRD4 Gene Polymorphism in Korean Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: A Case Control Study

  • 1Environmental Health Center, Dankoook University Hospital, Cheonan, Korea.
  • 2Department of Psychiatry, Dankook University College of Medicine, Cheonan, Korea.
  • 3Department of Pediatrics, Dankook University College of Medicine, Cheonan, Korea.


Recently the relationship between alleles frequency distribution, drug response and the attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), has been actively researched. We investigated the association between the genetic type, alleles and drug response for the dopamine receptor D4 (DRD4) gene in ADHD patients in Korea.
One hundred fourteen patients diagnosed with ADHD according to the the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders version IV (DSM-IV) diagnostic criteria were selected for the study. The clinical features of patients were confirmed by Korean version of Conners' parent rating scale, Attention deficit Diagnostic System, Korean version of Spielberger state-trait anxiety scale. Blood samples were taken from the 198 subjects. DNA was extracted from blood lymphocytes, PCR was performed for DRD4 Polymorphism. Alleles, genotype frequencies, the Clinical Global Impression (CGI) improvement score were compared using the chi-square test. Korean ADHD Rating Scale (K-ARS) and CGI severity scores were compared using the t-test.
In comparing the ADHD with 4/4 repeats group and without the ADHD with 4/4 repeats group, no significant difference was seen between the DRD4 genetic type, alleles distribution, and CGI drug response.
As a result, it is viewed that there is no relationship between ADHD and DRD4, but final decision is indefinite. Follow up studies with larger patient or pure subgroups are expected.


Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder; DRD4 polymorphism; Case control studies; Drug response; Methylphenidate
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