Healthc Inform Res.  2013 Sep;19(3):162-166. 10.4258/hir.2013.19.3.162.

Multi-Agent System as a New Approach to Effective Chronic Heart Failure Management: Key Considerations

  • 1Department of Health Information Management, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
  • 2School of Allied-Health Sciences, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.


Given the importance of the follow-up of chronic heart failure (CHF) patients to reduce common causes of re-admission and deterioration of their status that lead to imposing spiritual and physical costs on patients and society, modern technology tools should be used to the best advantage. The aim of this article is to explain key points which should be considered in designing an appropriate multi-agent system to improve CHF management.
In this literature review articles were searched with keywords like multi-agent system, heart failure, chronic disease management in Science Direct, Google Scholar and PubMed databases without regard to the year of publications.
Agents are an innovation in the field of artificial intelligence. Because agents are capable of solving complex and dynamic health problems, to take full advantage of e-Health, the healthcare system must take steps to make use of this technology. Key factors in CHF management through a multi-agent system approach must be considered such as organization, confidentiality in general aspects and design and architecture points in specific aspects.
Note that use of agent systems only with a technical view is associated with many problems. Hence, in delivering healthcare to CHF patients, considering social and human aspects is essential. It is obvious that identifying and resolving technical and non-technical challenges is vital in the successful implementation of this technology.


Heart Failure; Multi-Agent Systems; Disease Management

MeSH Terms

Artificial Intelligence
Chronic Disease
Delivery of Health Care
Disease Management
Follow-Up Studies
Heart Failure
Nitro Compounds
Nitro Compounds

Cited by  2 articles

Review of Social and Organizational Issues in Health Information Technology
Craig E. Kuziemsky
Healthc Inform Res. 2015;21(3):152-160.    doi: 10.4258/hir.2015.21.3.152.

Chronic Heart Failure Follow-up Management Based on Agent Technology
Niloofar Mohammadzadeh, Reza Safdari
Healthc Inform Res. 2015;21(4):307-314.    doi: 10.4258/hir.2015.21.4.307.


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