Korean J Urol.  1995 May;36(5):543-548.

Vesicoureteral Reflux in Patients with Double-J Stent

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Urology, School of Medicine, Wonkwang University, Iri, Chonbuk, Korea.

Abstract

A prospective study was performed radiologically to how the incidence and the degree of vesicoureteral reflux in patients with double-J stent. In this study, involved were 52 renal units of 50 patients without vesicoureteral reflux before double-J stent insertion. Voiding cystourethrography was done a week and four weeks after the stent insertion. In patients with vesicoureteral reflux caused by the stent insertion,voiding cystourethrography was repeated 3days after the stent removal to how the persistence of the reflux. Vesicoureteral reflux occurred in 26 of 52 renal units (50%) one week after the stent insertion. The reflux was grade I/II in one renal unit (4%), grade II or III/III in 25 renal units (96%) according to padding system defined arbitrarily by us. The reflux persisted until 4 weeks after the stent insertion in 25 renal units except a renal unit. In 60 or more-year-old male patients, 10 of 12 renal units (83%) showed the reflux, contrast to 5 of 14 renal units (36%) in the remained male patients (p=0.01). There was no difference in the incidence of the reflux by size of the stent, age, sex, and underlying disease. The reflux in stented state disappeared in all the patients after the stent removal. From these we concluded as follows. Vesicoureteral reflux occurred in 50 percent of renal units in patients with double-J stent, and the grade of the reflux was high. It was more common in aged male patients,which suggested close relation between the occurrence of the reflux and the intravesical pressure on voiding in stented patients. After the stent removal the reflux disappeared. Therefore long term indwelling of the stent seemed to have no harmful effect on antireflux function of vesicoureteral unit.

Keyword

Vesicoureteral reflux; Double-J stent

MeSH Terms

Humans
Incidence
Male
Prospective Studies
Stents*
Vesico-Ureteral Reflux*
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