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Contrast-enhanced voiding ultrasonography to detect intrarenal reflux in children: comparison with 99mTc-DMSA renal scans

Oh S, Ha JY, Cho YJ

Purpose: This study evaluated the diagnostic performance of contrast-enhanced voiding ultrasonography (CeVUS) for detecting intrarenal reflux (IRR) and the correlation between CeVUS-detected IRR sites and photon defect sites in acute...
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Contrast-enhanced voiding urosonography for the diagnosis of vesicoureteral reflux and intrarenal reflux: a comparison of diagnostic performance with fluoroscopic voiding cystourethrography

Kim D, Choi YH, Choi G, Lee S, Lee S, Cho YJ, Lim SH, Kang HG, Cheon JE

Purpose: This study evaluated the diagnostic performance of contrast-enhanced voiding urosonography (ce-VUS) using a second-generation ultrasound contrast agent for the diagnosis of vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) and intrarenal reflux (IRR), and...
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Vesicoureteral Reflux and Renal Scarring in Children with Acute Pyelonephritis: the Role of Late 6-month Dimercaptosuccinic Acid Renal Scan

Oh KE, Yim HE, Yoo KH

Purpose: The aim of this study is to evaluate the clinical utility of late 6-month dimercapto-succinic acid (DMSA) renal scan in predicting vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) and long-lasting renal scars in...
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Predictive Markers for Screening Renal Damagein Children with Urinary Tract infections andVesicoureteral Reflux

Lee H, Choi JH, Kang DH, Kim S, Kang KS, Han KH

Purpose: Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are the most common and serious bacterial infections in children. Therefore, early diagnosis of vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) for treatment planning and the identification of noninvasive markers that...
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The ABCs of Voiding Cystourethrography

Kim YJ, Cho BS, Lee J, Ryu H, Byun H, Yeon M, Park Y, Oh C, Jeon Y

Voiding cystourethrography (VCUG) demonstrates the anatomy of the urinary system and is used to detect the presence/absence of vesicoureteral reflux. It is the most important modality for urological fluoroscopic examination...
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The Effects of Intradetrusor BoNT-A Injections on Vesicoureteral Reflux in Children With Myelodysplasia

Toprak T, Danacioglu YO, Verit A

PURPOSE: We retrospectively evaluated the efficacy of botulinum neurotoxin A (BoNT-A) on vesicoureteral reflux (VUR), continence status, and urodynamic parameters in children with myelodysplasia who were not responsive to standard...
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Clinical Characteristics of Ureteral Duplication in Children

Park MJ, Baek HS, Jang HM, Lee JN, Chung SK, Jeong SY, Lee SM, Cho MH

PURPOSE: Ureteral duplication is a relatively common congenital urinary tract abnormality that can be associated with various clinical problems such as vesicoureteral reflux (VUR), hydronephrosis, and ectopic ureters. The purpose...
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Susceptibility of the Index Urinary Tract Infection to Prophylactic Antibiotics Is a Predictive Factor of Breakthrough Urinary Tract Infection in Children with Primary Vesicoureteral Reflux Receiving Continuous Antibiotic Prophylaxis

Lee JN, Byeon KH, Woo MJ, Baek HS, Cho MH, Jeong SY, Lee SM, Ham JY, Ha YS, Kim HT, Yoo ES, Kwon TG, Chung SK

BACKGROUND: Few studies have reported on breakthrough urinary tract infection (UTI) associated with the susceptibility of index UTI to prophylactic antibiotics in children with primary vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) receiving continuous...
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Analysis of Uropathogens of Febrile Urinary Tract Infection in Infant and Relationship with Vesicoureteral Reflux

Kim KH, Seo SH, Lee SD, Chung JM

PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate the relationship between uropathogens of infants with febrile urinary tract infection (UTI) and vesicoureteral reflux (VUR). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We analyzed 308 infants hospitalized for...
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Comparison of 99mTc-DMSA Renal Scan and Power Doppler Ultrasonography for the Detection of Acute Pyelonephritis and Vesicoureteral Reflux

Bae HJ, Park YH, Cho JH, Jang KM

PURPOSE: Urinary tract infection (UTI) is one of the common infectious diseases in children. Several imaging modalities can be used to confirm the presence of acute pyelonephritis (APN). Among them...
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Long-term Outcomes of Endoscopic Anti-reflux Surgery in Pediatric Patients with Vesicoureteral Reflux: Urinary Tract Infection, Renal Scarring, and Predictive Factors for Success

Choi W, Nam W, Lee C, Han JH, Shin JH, Kim KS, Song SH

BACKGROUND: To report the long-term outcomes of endoscopic surgery (ES) in pediatric patients with vesicoureteral reflux in terms of success rate, urinary tract infection, and renal function. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed...
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Is vaginal reflux associated with urinary tract infection in female children under the age of 36 months?

Kim YB, Tang CL, Koo JW

PURPOSE: To determine the relationship between vaginal reflux (VR) and urinary tract infection (UTI) in female children aged < 36 months. METHODS: A single center retrospective study was performed for 191...
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Predictors of High-grade Vesicoureteral Reflux in Children with Febrile Urinary Tract Infections

Choi EJ, Lee MJ, Park SA, Lee OK

PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate clinical and radiological factors that may predict high-grade vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) in patients with febrile urinary tract infection (UTI). METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed medical records...
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Clinical Efficacy of a Top-down Approach for Children with a First Febrile Urinary Tract Infection

Jang KM, Lim MH, Park YH, Kim S

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine the clinical characteristics, frequency of renal abnormalities and benefits of a top-down approach in children with their first febrile urinary tract...
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Clinical implications of DMSA Scan in Childhood Acute Pyelonephritis

Huh SM, Park BK, Kang HM, Rhim JW, Suh JS, Lee KY

PURPOSE: This study aimed to evaluate the relationships between 99mTecnicium-dimercaptosuccinic acid (DMSA) scan findings and clinical parameters including age and fever duration. METHODS: The positive rates for abnormal DMSA scans were...
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Management of vesicoureteral reflux in neurogenic bladder

Wu CQ, Franco I

Vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) is a significant risk factor for pyelonephritis and renal scarring. VUR can occur through a defective ureterovesical junction (UVJ) or an overwhelmed normal UVJ mechanism such as...
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Aggressive diagnosis and treatment for posterior urethral valve as an etiology for vesicoureteral reflux or urge incontinence in children

Nakai H, Hyuga T, Kawai S, Kubo T, Nakamura S

Vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) is one of the most common diseases in pediatric urology and classified into primary and secondary VUR. Although posterior urethral valve (PUV) is well known as a...
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Endoscopic injection therapy

Kim SW, Lee YS, Han SW

Since the U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved dextranomer/hyaluronic acid copolymer (Deflux) for the treatment of vesicoureteral reflux, endoscopic injection therapy using Deflux has become a popular alternative to open...
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Vesicoureteral reflux and continuous prophylactic antibiotics

Lee T, Park JM

Vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) management must be tailored based on the risk for further infections and renal scarring, gender, likelihood of spontaneous resolution, and parental preferences. Because we now understand that...
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Imaging studies and biomarkers to detect clinically meaningful vesicoureteral reflux

Prasad MM, Cheng EY

The work-up of a febrile urinary tract infection is generally performed to detect vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) and its possible complications. The imaging modalities most commonly used for this purpose are...
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