Yonsei Med J.  2014 May;55(3):773-778. 10.3349/ymj.2014.55.3.773.

The Prevalence of Idiopathic Scoliosis in Eleven Year-Old Korean Adolescents: A 3 Year Epidemiological Study

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Kangdong Sacred Heart Hospital, Medical College of Hallym University, Seoul, Korea.
  • 2Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
  • 3Spine and Scoliosis Service, Hospital for Special Surgery, New York, NY, USA.
  • 4Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Hallym University Sacred Heart Hospital, Medical College of Hallym University, Anyang, Korea. amhangpark@gmail.com

Abstract

PURPOSE
School screening allows for early detection and early treatment of scoliosis, with the purpose of reducing the number of patients requiring surgical treatment. Children between 10 and 14 years old are considered as good candidates for school screening tests of scoliosis. The purpose of the present study was to assess the epidemiological findings of idiopathic scoliosis in 11-year-old Korean adolescents.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
A total of 37856 11-year-old adolescents were screened for scoliosis. There were 17110 girls and 20746 boys. Adolescents who were abnormal by Moire topography were subsequently assessed by standardized clinical and radiological examinations. A scoliotic curve was defined as 10degrees or more.
RESULTS
The prevalence of scoliosis was 0.19% and most of the curves were small (10degrees to 19degrees). The ratio of boys to girls was 1:5.5 overall. Sixty adolescents (84.5%) exhibited single curvature. Thoracolumbar curves were the most common type of curve identified, followed by thoracic and lumbar curves.
CONCLUSION
The prevalence of idiopathic scoliosis among 11-year-old Korean adolescents was 0.19%.

Keyword

Idiopathic scoliosis; 11-year-old adolescents; prevalence; Korea
Full Text Links
  • YMJ
Actions
Cited
CITED
export Copy
Close
Share
  • Twitter
  • Facebook
Similar articles
Copyright © 2021 by Korean Association of Medical Journal Editors. All rights reserved.     E-mail: koreamed@kamje.or.kr