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The association between idiopathic scoliosis and growth hormone treatment in short children

Park M, Kim YJ, Oh KE, Kang E, Nam HK, Rhie YJ, Lee KH

Purpose: Idiopathic scoliosis is the most common form of scoliosis, and the risk of onset and progression has been found to correlate with growth spurts. Therefore, treatment with recombinant human...
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Predictive Factors for Outcomes of Overcorrection Nighttime Bracing in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis: A Systematic Review

Moradi V, Babaee T, Shariat A, Khosravi M, Saeedi M, Parent-Nichols J, Cleland JA

Predictive clinical and radiological factors can potentially identify adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) most likely to benefit from overcorrection nighttime bracing. These factors can provide helpful information in clinical decision making....
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Does Implant Density Impact Three-Dimensional Deformity Correction in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis with Lenke 1 and 2 Curves Treated by Posterior Spinal Fusion without Ponte Osteotomies?

Lertudomphonwanit T, Berry CA, Jain VV, Sturm PF

Study Design: Retrospective cohort study. Purpose: To determine whether implant density impact three-dimensional deformity correction in posterior spinal fusion (PSF) without Ponte osteotomies (POs) for patients with Lenke 1 and 2...
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Minimally Invasive Surgery versus Open Surgery for Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Neradi D, Kumar V, Kumar S, Sodavarapu P, Goni V, Dhatt SS

Minimally invasive surgery (MIS) is being recommended over more invasive methods. MIS advantages are less time in the operating room, less blood loss, a shorter recovery time, and shorter length...
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The Last Touched Vertebra on Supine Radiographs Can Be the Optimal Lower Instrumented Vertebra in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis Patients

Kim DH, Hyun SJ, Lee CH, Kim KJ

Objective: To determine whether the last touched vertebra (LTV) on supine radiographs is suitable for the lower instrumented vertebra (LIV) in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) correction surgery. Methods: In total, 57...
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The Effect of Brace Treatment on Large Curves of 40° to 55° in Adolescents With Idiopathic Scoliosis Who Have Avoided Surgery: A Retrospective Cohort Study

Razeghinezhad R, Kamyab M, Babaee T, Ganjavian MS, Bidari S

Objective: To evaluate the effect of Milwaukee brace treatment on adolescents with idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) with large curves (40° to 55°) who refuse to do surgery. Methods: In this retrospective cohort...
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Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis Treated by Posterior Spinal Segmental Instrumented Fusion : When Is Fusion to L3 Stable?

Hyun SJ, Lenke LG, Kim Y, Bridwell KH, Cerpa M, Blanke KM

Objective : The purpose of this study was to identify risk factors for distal adding on (AO) or distal junctional kyphosis (DJK) in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) treated by posterior...
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The Incidence of Adding-On or Distal Junctional Kyphosis in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis Treated by Anterior Spinal Fusion to L3 Was Significantly Higher Than by Posterior Spinal Fusion to L3

Hyun SJ, Lenke LG, Kim Y, Bridwell KH, Cerpa M, Blanke KM

Objective: To compare and identify risk factors for distal adding-on (AO) or distal junctional kyphosis (DJK) in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) treated by anterior- (ASF) and posterior spinal fusion (PSF)...
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Selection of Fusion Level for Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis Surgery : Selective Fusion versus Postoperative Decompensation

Kim DH, Hyun SJ, Kim KJ

Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS), which is associated with an extensive range of clinical and radiological presentations, is the one of the most challenging spinal disorders. The goals of surgery are...
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Selection of the Lowest Instrumented Vertebra and Relative Odds Ratio of Distal Adding-on for Lenke Type 1A and 2A Curves in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Liu CW, Lenke LG, Tan LA, Oh T, Chao KH, Lin SD, Pan RY

Objective: To examine existing literature and pool the data to determine the relative odds ratio of “adding-on” (AO) based on various reported criteria for lower instrumented vertebra (LIV) selection in...
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Prevalence of idiopathic scoliosis in girls with central precocious puberty: effect of a gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist

Chung LY, Nam HK, Rhie YJ, Huh R, Lee KH

Purpose: Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) is the most common form of scoliosis and occurs in children between 10 to 18 years old, during periods of growth spurts and puberty changes....
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Posterior Correction of Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis with High-Density Pedicle Screw-Only Constructs: 5 Years of Follow-Up

Hwang CJ, Baik JM, Cho JH, Yoon SJ, Lee DH, Lee CS

PURPOSE: This study aimed to analyze radiological outcomes in patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) who underwent posterior correction with high-density pedicle screw-only constructs. We hypothesized that high-density pedicle screw-only...
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Oxford Cobbometer Versus Computer Assisted-Software for Measurement of Cobb Angle in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis

Elfiky T, Patil N, Shawky M, Siam A, Ragab R, Allam Y

Objective: The objective was to compare Cobb angle measurements performed using an Oxford Cobbmeter and digital computer software (Surgimap) in a series of 83 adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) patients. Methods: Two...
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An Application of Artificial Intelligence to Diagnostic Imaging of Spine Disease: Estimating Spinal Alignment From Moiré Images

Watanabe K, Aoki Y, Matsumoto

The use of artificial intelligence (AI) as a tool supporting the diagnosis and treatment of spinal diseases is eagerly anticipated. In the field of diagnostic imaging, the possible application of...
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Which Criterion Is More Reliable for Selecting the Distal Fusion Level in Cases of Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis with Structural Thoracolumbar/Lumbar Curves: Static or Dynamic?

Cho JH, Hwang CJ, Park JW, Lee DH, Lee CS

STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective comparative study. OBJECTIVES: To compare the reliability of 2 criteria to predict the radiological outcomes of corrective surgery in cases of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) with structural thoracolumbar/lumbar...
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Hooks at the Upper Instrumented Vertebra Can Adjust Postoperative Shoulder Balance in Patients with Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis: 5 Years or More of Follow-up

Kuroya S, Akazawa T, Kotani T, Sakuma T, Minami S, Torii Y, Umehara T, Iinuma M, Murakami K, Orita S, Inage K, Eguchi Y, Fujimoto K, Shiga Y, Nakamura J, Inoue G, Miyagi M, Saito W, Ohtori S, Niki H

STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study. PURPOSE: This study aims to investigate postoperative shoulder imbalance (PSI) ≥5 years postoperatively in patients who underwent posterior spinal fusion using hooks at the upper...
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Neural Axis Abnormalities in Patients With Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis: Is Routine Magnetic Resonance Imaging Indicated Irrespective of Curve Severity?

Fruergaard S, Ohrt-Nissen S, Dahl B, Kaltoft N, Gehrchen M

OBJECTIVE: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-verified neural axis abnormalities (NAAs) have been described in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS), and several risk factors have been associated with the presence of NAAs in...
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Etiology of Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis: A Literature Review

Kikanloo S, Tarpada SP, Cho W

Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) is the peripubertal development of spinal curvature of a minimum of 10°. AIS is thought to be attributable to genetic factors, nutrition, early exposure to toxins,...
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APSS-ASJ Best Clinical Research Award: Is There a Difference between Patients' and Parents' Perception of Physical Appearance in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis?

Chan CY, Gani SM, Lim MY, Chiu CK, Kwan MK

STUDY DESIGN: Prospective study. PURPOSE: To compare Patients' and parents’ perceptions of physical attributes (PAs) of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) patients and to report any correlations between their perceptions and Scoliosis...
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Development of Novel Animal Model for Studying Scoliosis Using a Noninvasive Method and Its Validation through Gene-Expression Analysis

Banala RR, Vemuri SK, Penkulinti M, AV GR, GPV S

STUDY DESIGN: To induce scoliosis in young female Wistar rats using a noninvasive method and to validate this model. PURPOSE: To induce scoliosis in a rat model noninvasively by bracing and...
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