Gut Liver.  2010 Sep;4(Suppl 1):S44-S49.

Percutaneous Radiologic Gastrostomy: A 12-Year Series

Affiliations
  • 1Alliance Medical Italy, Lissone, Italy. franco.perona@alliancemedical.it

Abstract

BACKGROUND/AIMS
Interventional radiologists have played a main role in the technical evolution of gastrostomy, from the first surgical/endoscopical approaches to percutaneous interventional procedures. This study evaluated the results obtained in a 12-year series.
METHODS
During the period December 1996 to December 2008, 254 new consecutive gastrostomies and 275 replacement procedures were performed in selected patients. All of the cases were treated by a T-fastener gastropexy and tube placement. The procedures were assessed by analyzing indications, patient selection, duration of the procedures, and mortality.
RESULTS
All 254 first gastrostomies were successful; replacement procedures were also successfully performed. One (0.2%) patient with severe neurologic disorders died after the procedure without signs of procedure-related complications, and seven (1.3%) major complications occurred (four duodenal lesions with peritoneal leakage, two gastric bleedings, and one gastric lesion). Minor complications were easily managed; three tube ruptures were resolved.
CONCLUSIONS
This long-term series and follow-up showed that a group of interventional radiologist can effectively provide gastrostomy placement and long-term tube management. Percutaneous gastrostomy is less invasive than other approaches and it satisfies the needs even of high-risk patients.

Keyword

Gastrostomy; Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy; T-fastener; Percutaneous radiological gastrostomy
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