Brain Neurorehabil.  2010 Mar;3(1):50-55. 10.12786/bn.2010.3.1.50.

Percutaneous Endoscopic Gastrostomy Versus Percutaneous Radiologic Gastrostomy: A Comparison of Complications in Brain Injured Patients

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Inje University, Pusan Paik Hospital, Korea. cho810810@hanmail.net

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To compare complications of percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) and percutaneous radiologic gastrostomy (PRG) in brain injured patients. METHOD: The records of brain injured patients who received either PEG or PRG between January 2001 and July 2008 in Busan paik hospital were reviewed retrospectively. Documented complications (infection, leakage, blockage/delayed feeding, aspiration pneumonia, tube displacement, pain, ileus, bleeding, tube fell/pulled out, bradycardia/hypotension) were recorded and compared.
RESULTS
There were 44 brain injury patients with dysphagia. All patient received PEG or PRG successfully. (32 PEG, 12 PRG) The incidences of complications were 50% in both PEG group (16 in 32) and PRG group (6 in 12). In PEG group sixteen patients developed complications, 27 minor and two major. In PRG group six patients developed complications, 11 minor and one major. The most common complication of PEG was wound infection (37.9%). But there were no wound infection in PRG group. And there were no deaths in both PEG and PRG group.
CONCLUSION
Both endoscopic and radiologic gastrostomy tube placements are safe and effective methods. But in high infection risk group such as old ages, DM or CRF patients who have brain injury with dysphagia, PRG is safer method than PEG.

Keyword

brain injury; dysphagia; gastrostomy
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