Chonnam Med J.  2011 Aug;47(2):111-115. 10.4068/cmj.2011.47.2.111.

Clinical Features and Rate of Infective Endocarditis in Non-Faecalis and Non-faecium Enterococcal Bacteremia

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. mdohmd@snu.ac.kr
  • 2Department of Laboratory Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Abstract

Non-faecalis and non-faecium enterococci are an occasional cause of bacteremia, and some cases of infective endocarditis caused by these pathogens have been reported. However, the rate of infective endocarditis in non-faecalis and non-faecium enterococcal bacteremia is still undetermined. We compared the clinical features and the rate of infective endocarditis of 70 cases of non-faecalis and non-faecium enterococcal bacteremia with those of 65 cases of Enterococcus faecalis bacteremia. Non-faecalis and non-faecium enterococcal bacteremia was more frequently associated with biliary tract infection and polymicrobial bacteremia, and was less frequently associated with infective endocarditis, than was E. faecalis bacteremia (57% vs. 28%, p<0.01; 47% vs. 31%, p=0.05; 1% vs. 14%, p<0.01, respectively).

Keyword

Enterococci; Bacteremia; vanC; Endocarditis
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