Korean J Med Educ.  2013 Dec;25(4):271-277.

Review on the administration and effectiveness of team-based learning in medical education

  • 1Faculty Development & Mentoring Center, Konyang University College of Medicine, Daejeon, Korea.
  • 2Department of Medical Education, The Catholic University of Korea College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. skim@catholic.ac.kr


Team-based learning (TBL) is an active learning approach. In recent years, medical educators have been increasingly using TBL in their classes. We reviewed the concepts of TBL and discuss examples of international cases. Two types of TBL are administered: classic TBL and adapted TBL. Combining TBL and problem-based learning (PBL) might be a useful strategy for medical schools. TBL is an attainable and efficient educational approach in preparing large classes with regard to PBL. TBL improves student performance, team communication skills, leadership skills, problem solving skills, and cognitive conceptual structures and increases student engagement and satisfaction. This study suggests recommendations for administering TBL effectively in medical education.


Team-based learning; Problem-based learning; Teaching
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