Brain Neurorehabil.  2012 Mar;5(1):19-23. 10.12786/bn.2012.5.1.19.

Generalization of Treatment Effect on Motor Learning after Stroke

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Pusan National University Hospital, Korea.
  • 2Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Pusan National University School of Medicine and Research Institute for Convergence of Biomedical Science and Technology, Pusan National University Yangsan Hospital, Korea. rmshin@pusan.ac.kr

Abstract

Approximately two thirds of stroke survivors have residual neurological deficits that persistently impair function. Hence, alternative strategies are needed to reduce the long-term disability and functional impairment from severe weakness of limbs. Generalization of treatment effect takes place when the effects of the therapy spread to a variety of related behaviors and similar movements. And the transfer effect that training of the limbs on one side of the body appeared to be shared by those on the other side simultaneously. The two concepts are closely linked together. These forms of learning are organized through a higher-level cerebral mechanism and can be associated corpus callosum. Several promising new rehabilitation approaches such as bilateral training are based on the transfer effect. The purpose
of this review is to introduce transfer effect of treatment on motor learning after stroke.

Keyword

corpus callosum; generalization; rehabilitation; stroke; transfer effect
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