Korean J Gastrointest Endosc.  2002 Feb;24(2):113-116.

A Successful Management of Ruptured Duodenal Varix by Means of Endoscopic Ligation with Detachable Snare


Duodenal varix is a rare site of hemorrhage in patients with portal hypertension, but its rupture is a serious and often fatal event. They can be diagnosed by means of upper gastrointestinal endoscopy, selective superior mesenteric artery angiography, slenoportogram. Especially, upper gastroduodenal endoscopy is the diagnostic procedure of choice in diagnosing duodenal varices. Treatment modalities for bleeding duodenal varices are sclerotherapy, varix ligation, portocaval shunt, and duodenal resection. Endoscopic sclerotherapy has limited success in controlling active duodenal varix. Endoscopic ligation with a detachable snare is a useful therapeutic measure in the treatment of bleeding duodenal varices. Wc report a patient with bleeding duodenal varix, successfully treated by means of endoscopic ligation with a detachable snare. The endoscopic examination showed spurting bleeding from dilated vessel at the third portion of the duodenum. We successfully controlled the bleeding duodenal varix by means of endoscopic ligation with a detachable snare.

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