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Radiomics and Deep Learning: Hepatic Applications

Park HJ, Park B, Lee SS

Radiomics and deep learning have recently gained attention in the imaging assessment of various liver diseases. Recent research has demonstrated the potential utility of radiomics and deep learning in staging...
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Successful Treatment of Duodenal Variceal Bleeding with Coil-Assisted Retrograde Transvenous Obliteration: A Case Report

Park SJ, Kim YH, Kang UR, Ji SW

Duodenal varices can develop in patients with portal hypertension secondary to liver cirrhosis. Although upper gastrointestinal bleeding is often severe and fatal, the definite treatment or guideline has not been...
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The New Cutoff Value of the Hepatic Venous Pressure Gradient on Predicting Long-Term Survival in Cirrhotic Patients

Kim TY, Suk KT, Jeong SW, Ryu T, Kim DJ, Baik SK, Sohn JH, Jeong WK, Choi E, Jang JY, Kim MY

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to determine the prognostic role of the categorized hemodynamic stage (HS) based on the hepatic venous pressure gradient (HVPG) in patients with portal hypertension. METHODS: Of 1,025...
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Portal Hypertension of a Delayed Onset Following Liver Abscesses in a 12-Month-Old Infant: A Case Report and Review of the Literature

Al-Qurashi FO, Aladsani A, Al Qanea F, Faisal SY

We report a 12-month-old female infant who had a history of neonatal sepsis with liver micro-abscesses that resolved with intravenous antibiotics during neonatal period. During her neonatal admission period, no...
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Portal pressure gradient and serum albumin: A simple combined parameter associated with the appearance of ascites in decompensated cirrhosis treated with transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt

Zhao D, Zhang G, Wang M, Zhang C, Li J

BACKGROUND/AIMS: In recent years, greater assessment accuracy after transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) to ascertain prognosis has become important in decompensated cirrhosis due to portal hypertension. The aim of this...
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Endoscopic treatment or balloon-occluded retrograde transvenous obliteration is safe for patients with esophageal/gastric varices in Child-Pugh class C end-stage liver cirrhosis

Yokoyama K, Yamauchi R, Shibata K, Fukuda H, Kunimoto H, Takata K, Tanaka T, Inomata S, Morihara D, Takeyama Y, Shakado S, Sakisaka S

BACKGROUND/AIMS: There is a controversy about the availability of invasive treatment for esophageal/gastric varices in patients with Child-Pugh class C (CP-C) end-stage liver cirrhosis (LC). We have evaluated the validity...
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Role of endoscopic treatment or balloon-occluded retrograde transvenous obliteration in patients with Child-Pugh class C end-stage liver cirrhosis and esophageal/gastric varices

Chung JW

No abstract available.
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Advances in ultrasound diagnosis in chronic liver diseases

Maruyama H, Kato N

Chronic liver disease is a major disorder worldwide. A better understanding of anatomy, blood flow, and pathophysiology may be a key issue for their proper management. Ultrasound (US) is a...
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A Pericardiophrenic Collateral Pathway in Portal Hypertension

Kim DH, Jo H, Yun J

No abstract available.
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Prolonged occlusion of the hepatoduodenal ligament to reduce risk of bleeding and tumor spread during recipient hepatectomy for living donor liver transplantation

Choi JU, Hwang S, Ahn CS, Moon DB, Ha TY, Kim KH, Song GW, Jung DH, Park GC, Lee SG

BACKGROUNDS/AIMS: Prevention of excessive bleeding during liver transplantation (LT) operations presents a major challenge. Compared to deceased donor LT, living donor LT (LDLT) is more vulnerable to bleeding because of...
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Liver volume index predicts the risk of esophageal variceal hemorrhage in cirrhotic patients on propranolol prophylaxis

Kim BH, Chung JW, Lee CS, Jang ES, Jeong SH, Kim N, Kim JW

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Non-selective β-blockers (NSBBs) are used for primary prevention of esophageal variceal hemorrhage (VH) in patients with portal hypertension, but a significant number of patients develop VH while on NSBB...
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Patient Response to Endoscopic Therapy for Gastroesophageal Varices Based on Endoscopic Ultrasound Findings

Tseng Y, Ma L, Luo T, Zeng X, Li F, Li N, Wei Y, Chen S

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Gastroesophageal variceal hemorrhage is a common complication of portal hypertension. Endoscopic therapy is currently recommended for preventing gastroesophageal variceal rebleed. However, the rate of variceal rebleed and its associated...
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Hyponatremia in Liver Cirrhosis

Jang C, Jung YK

Hyponatremia is a commonly observed complication that is related to hypoalbuminemia and portal hypertension in patients with advanced liver cirrhosis. Hyponatremia in patients with liver cirrhosis is mostly dilutional hyponatremia...
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Ascites

Jeong SW

Ascites is the most common cause of decompensation in cirrhosis, and 5% to 10% of patients with compensated cirrhosis develop ascites each year. The main factor of ascites formation is...
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Ascending Colon Variceal Bleeding in Cirrhotic Patient with Emergent Endoscopic Variceal Obturation with N-butyl-2-cyanoacrylate

Kim CL, Kim T, Lee WH, Seo JW, Park SH, Choi JH, Heo NY

Ectopic varices are rare among patients with portal hypertension, especially in the ascending colon. It is difficult to evaluate massive lower gastrointestinal bleeding in patients with liver cirrhosis by colonoscopy...
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Non-cirrhotic portal hypertension in an ankylosing spondylitis patient

Park S, Lee JH, Choi JS, Kim HW, Shim BJ, Choi WK, Kim SH

Idiopathic non-cirrhotic portal hypertension (INCPH) is a disease with an uncertain etiology consisting of non-cirrhotic portal hypertension and portal pressure increase in the absence of liver cirrhosis. In INCPH, patients...
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Management of Intrahepatic Duct Stone

Cha SW

Intrahepatic duct (IHD) stone is the presence of calculi within the intrahepatic bile duct specifically located proximal to the confluence of the left and right hepatic ducts. This stone is...
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Role of the renin-angiotensin system in hepatic fibrosis and portal hypertension

Shim KY, Eom YW, Kim MY, Kang SH, Baik SK

The renin-angiotensin system (RAS) is an important regulator of cirrhosis and portal hypertension. As hepatic fibrosis progresses, levels of the RAS components angiotensin (Ang) II, Ang-(1–7), angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE), and...
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Portosystemic collateral pathways and interventions in portal hypertension

Bandali MF, Mirakhur A

Pathologic increase in portal pressure can be caused by increased resistance to blood flow at the level of the portal vein (pre-hepatic), hepatic sinusoids (hepatic) or hepatovenous outflow (post-hepatic). This...
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A new and improved transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) stent graft: Controlled expansion

Trieu H, Lee EW

Initial underdilation of transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) stents has been a widely proposed and commonly practiced technique to balance portal hypertension relief and the adverse effects associated with excess...
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