Prog Med Phys.  2015 Jun;26(2):93-98. 10.14316/pmp.2015.26.2.93.

Invivo Dosimetry for Mammography with and without Lead Apron Using the Glass Dosimeters

  • 1Department of Radiological Science, Eulji University, Seongnam, Korea.
  • 2Department of Radiation Oncology, Kosin University College of Medicine, Busan, Korea.
  • 3Department of Radiological Technology, Gwangyang Health College, Gwangyang, Korea.
  • 4Department of Radiation Oncology, Catholic University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
  • 5Department of Radiation Oncology, College of Medicine, Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea.


The purpose of this study is to see the usefulness of lead apron for critical organs near the breast under examining. For clinical experiment, 30 female volunteers who agreed to their participation in the experiments, were chosen and divided into two groups, 15 in group A and 15 in group B respectively. group A is to see whether each side of breast under mammography affects to other side glandular on the critical organs is same, because it is not allowed to scan the both breast for same person or to scan repeatedly. Group B is to see the effectiveness of lead apron during the mammography of right breast. Glass dosimeters were placed on the thyroid, the contralateral breast, and lower abdomen where near the breast during examining. The average glandular doses on the surface in mammography of the thyroid gland, the contralateral breast, the lower abdomen were 0.0692 mGy, 0.6790 mGy, and 0.0122 mGy, respectively, which was an extremely low level of glandular dose. In group B, as to the thyroid gland, average dose was decreased from 0.0922 mGy to 0.0158 mGy. The average dose of contralateral breast was decreased from 0.8575 mGy to 0.0286 mGy. The average doses of lower abdomen was decrease 0.0150 mGy to 0.0173 mGy. As to the lower abdomen, dose decreased from 0.0150 mGy before the use of an apron down to 0.0173 mGy after the use. As p-value was under 0.05, statistically significant difference was observed between the two groups. Wearing an apron can have the protective effects on the thyroid gland up to 20 times lower than not wearing one. Besides, it is also necessary to protect the other breast during the examination by wearing one.


Lead apron; Mammography; Glass dosimeter; Invivo dosimetry
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