Korean J Sports Med.  2013 Jun;31(1):26-29. 10.5763/kjsm.2013.31.1.26.

Clinical Bilateral Poplitear Artery Entrapment Syndrome Caused by a Anomalous Origin of the Gastrocnemius Muscle

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Dankook University College of Medicine, Cheonan, Korea. darkghosts@naver.com

Abstract

Popliteal artery entrapment syndrome can result from abnormal branching patterns of the popliteal artery or the anatomically abnormal placement of nearby muscles and tendons leading to a sustained compression of the popliteal artery. This compression leads to chronic capillary damage and early arteriosclerosis and embolism that can lead to distal ischemia. Thus early treatment is required to prevent harm to the lower limb. This is a rare congenital disease that mostly affects young adults, usually presenting with intermittent claudication of the leg, coldness and edema. A case where a 16-year-old female presented with pain and coldness in the lower right limb that started 1 year ago will be discussed. In this case, magnetic resonance imaging and arterial angiography lead to a diagnosis of popliteal artery entrapment resulting from an abnormal origin of the medial head of Gastrocnemius.

Keyword

Popliteal artery; Entrapment syndrome
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