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Plasma Fibroblast Growth Factor 23 Concentration Is Associated with Intracranial Cerebral Atherosclerosis in Acute Ischemic Stroke Patients

Chang Y, Kim J, Woo HG, Ryu DR, Oh HJ, Song TJ

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) is associated with atherosclerosis via nitric-oxide-associated endothelial dysfunction and calcium-phosphate-related bone mineralization. This study aimed to determine the association of the plasma...
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Interpretation of the Results of Arterial Stiffness Tests

Ryu DR

Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Early detection of subclinical atherosclerosis is important for reduction of cardiovascular risk. However, the current diagnostic strategy, which focuses...
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Simultaneous Nonaneurysmal Subarachnoid Hemorrhage and Acute Cerebral Infarction in a Patient with Intracranial Atherosclerosis

Bae H, Park J, Kang S, Yun U, Ha SW, Kim SM

No abstract available.
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Characteristics of Acute Cerebral Infarction in Patients with Familial Hypercholesterolemia

Kim J, Park SH, Kim JM, Lee SH, Park KY

BACKGROUND: The patients with familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) suffer from early onset atherosclerotic vascular disease due to high level of cholesterol and subsequent vascular inflammation, especially in the form of coronary...
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The Association between Resting Heart Rate and Arterial Stiffness in Men

Doo SH, Choi HJ, Park SB, Jung D, Shim YN, Oh HJ

BACKGROUND: Early detection of vascular change may improve prediction of subclinical stage of cardiovascular disease, allowing intervention to prevent overt vascular damage. High heart rate is known to increase cardiovascular...
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Cigarette Smoking Preferentially Affects Intracranial Vessels in Young Males: A Propensity-Score Matching Analysis

Song Y, Lee D, Suh DC, Kim JG, Kim JK, Han M, Liu H, Zhao L, Kim EH, Jung SC, Lee DG, Koo HJ, Kim MJ, Baek S, Hwang SM, Kim BJ, Kim YJ, Cho HJ, Kim SJ, Jeon SB, Kim JS

PURPOSE: Cigarette smoking (CS) is one of the major risk factors of cerebral atherosclerotic disease, however, its level of contribution to extracranial and intracranial atherosclerotic stenosis (ECAS and ICAS) was...
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Efficiency of Air Bubble Removal in Preparation of Low-Profile Angioplasty Balloon Catheter: Bench-Top Comparison of Six Methods

Choi JH, Hwang SM, Lee DH

PURPOSE: Complete removal of air bubbles from balloons for neurovascular angioplasty is cumbersome. We compared the preparation difficulty, air removal efficiency, and air collection pattern of six different balloon catheter...
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Intracranial Arterial Calcificationes Can Reflect Cerebral Atherosclerosis Burden

Kim JM, Park KY, Bae JH, Han SH, Jeong HB, Jeong D

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: We investigated whether the intracranial arterial calcification status reflects the overall cerebral atherosclerosis burden. METHODS: Patients with acute cerebral infarction who were admitted to a single university hospital...
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Accelerated inflammation in peripheral artery disease patients with periodontitis

Kure K, Sato H, Aoyama N, Izumi Y

PURPOSE: Peripheral artery disease (PAD) is a form of arteriosclerosis that occurs in the extremities and involves ischemia. Previous studies have reported that patients with periodontitis are at high risk...
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Ultrasound-Guided Regional Nerve Block in Below-Knee Amputation

Song JH, Kang C, Hwang DS, Kang DH, Yoo CH

PURPOSE: This study compared the clinical results of an ultrasound (US)-guided regional nerve block with those of general anesthesia in below-knee amputation (BKA) surgery. In addition, the 1-year mortality rate...
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Breast Arterial Calcification: A Potential Surrogate Marker for Cardiovascular Disease

Suh JW, Yun BL

Breast arterial calcifications (BAC), frequently observed on screening mammography, have been considered as an incidental finding without increased risk for breast cancer. They are medial calcifications and therefore, are indicative...
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Correlation of Adventitial Vasa Vasorum with Intracranial Atherosclerosis: A Postmortem Study

Zheng L, Yang WJ, Niu CB, Zhao HL, Wong KS, Leung TW, Chen XY

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Vasa vasorum (VV) have been believed to be rare or non-existent in small-caliber intracranial arteries. In a series of human cerebral artery specimens, we identified and examined...
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Intracranial Large Artery Disease of Non-Atherosclerotic Origin: Recent Progress and Clinical Implications

Bang OY, Toyoda K, Arenillas , Liu L, Kim JS

Intracranial large artery disease (ILAD) is the major cause of stroke worldwide. With the application of recently introduced diagnostic techniques, the prevalence of non-atherosclerotic ILAD is expected to increase. Herein,...
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The Added Prognostic Value of Intracranial Artery Morphology to Predict Non-Cardioembolic Ischemic Stroke

Han NH, Jang J, Byun H, Lee K, Koo J, Choi HS, Jung SL, Ahn KJ, Kim BS

PURPOSE: To assess the added prognostic value of the morphologic characteristics of intracranial arteries in the risk modeling of a future non-cardioembolic stroke. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study included 86...
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Ethnic Differences in Intracranial Artery Tortuosity: A Possible Reason for Different Locations of Cerebral Atherosclerosis

Kim BJ, Lee KM, Lee SH, Kim HG, Kim EJ, Heo SH, Chang DI, Kim JS

No abstract available.
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Statin Therapy with Coronary Plaque Imaging

Park JH

If there is coronary plaque, do we need statin therapy? Many studies have been conducted to answer this question. According to global guidelines, there is a high-risk patient population who...
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Associations between atherosclerosis and periodontitis, physical health and dental care: a pilot study

Cha ES, Son KY, Yun JM, Chung WJ, Cho BL, Jin BH

OBJECTIVES: This pilot study aimed to obtain preliminary data on the associations between atherosclerosisand periodontitis, physical health status, and general and oral health behaviors. METHODS: Thirty-three subjects were recruited from among...
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Pre-existing arterial pathologic changes affecting arteriovenous fistula patency and cardiovascular mortality in hemodialysis patients

Lee JY, Kim YO

The radiocephalic arteriovenous fistula (AVF) provides optimal vascular access for hemodialysis; it has a higher long-term patency rate and fewer complications than other vascular access methods. However, the AVF has...
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Angioplasty, Stenting and Other Potential Treatments of Atherosclerotic Stenosis of the Intracranial Arteries: Past, Present and Future

Wabnitz A, Chimowitz

Although there is an intuitive appeal to treat symptomatic stenotic intracranial arteries with endovascular therapies such as angioplasty and stenting, current data from randomized trials show intensive medical therapy is...
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Medical Treatment of Intracranial Atherosclerosis: An Update

Kim JS, Bang OY

For patients with symptomatic intracranial atherosclerosis (ICAS), antithrombotic agents are the mainstay of therapy. Anticoagulation (warfarin) is not widely used since it is not more effective than aspirin and carries...
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