J Korean Med Sci.  2008 Aug;23(4):678-684. 10.3346/jkms.2008.23.4.678.

The Interaction of Gabapentin and N(6)-(2-phenylisopropyl)-adenosine R-(-)isomer (R-PIA) on Mechanical Allodynia in Rats with a Spinal Nerve Ligation

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, University of Ulsan, College of Medicine, Seoul Asan Medical Center, Seoul, Korea. jongyeon_park@amc.seoul.kr

Abstract

We examined the antiallodynic interaction between gabapentin and adenosine A1 receptor agonist, N(6)-(2-phenylisopropyl)-adenosine R-(-)isomer (R-PIA), in a rat model of nerve ligation injury. Rats were prepared with ligation of left L5-6 spinal nerves and intrathecal catheter implantation for drug administration. Mechanical allodynia was measured by applying von Frey filaments. Gabapentin and R-PIA were administered to obtain the dose-response curve and the 50% effective dose (ED50). Fractions of ED50s were administered concurrently to establish the ED50 of the drug combination. The drug interaction between gabapentin and R-PIA was analyzed using the isobolographic method. Adenosine A1 receptor antagonist was administered intrathecally to examine the reversal of the antiallodynic effect. Locomotor function changes were evaluated by rotarod testing. Intrathecal gabapentin and R-PIA and their combination produced a dose-dependent antagonism against mechanical allodynia without severe side effects. Intrathecal gabapentin synergistically enhanced the antiallodynic effect of R-PIA when coadministered. There were no significant changes in rotarod performance time, except gabapentin 300 microgram. In the combination group, the maximal antiallodynic effect was reversed by A1 adenosine receptor antagonist. These results suggest that activation of adenosine A1 receptors at the spinal level is required for the synergistic interaction on the mechanical allodynia.

Keyword

Adenosine; Drug Interactions; Gabapentin; Pain
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