Korean J Physiol Pharmacol.  1999 Aug;3(4):433-438.

Effects of acarbose on the expression of obese and neuropeptide Y (NPY) genes in mice on high-carbohydrate diet

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Pharmacology, Graduate School of Pharmacy, Kyunghee University, Hoegi-dong No. 1, Dongdaemoon-ku, Seoul, 130-701 South Korea.

Abstract

Two components of the neuroendocrine-hormonal response to long-term treatment of acarbose, adipose tissue-derived leptin and central neuropeptide Y (NPY), were investigated in the ICR mice on a high-carbohydrate diet. Acarbose, administered 5 or 50 mg per 100 g diet for four weeks, dose dependently suppressed body weight gain. The body weight gain was reduced along with the amount of daily food intake in 50 mg acarbose-treated group at 7th and 28th day 5 or 50 mg acarbose treatment administered for four weeks reduced leptin mRNA levels to 62% and 77% of the control group, demonstrating that the amount of leptin mRNA in adipocytes correlates with body weight. As dose of acarbose increased, leptin mRNA level also increased, suggesting that potent inhibition of alpha-glycosidase by a higher dose of acarbose furthers the enzyme activity and leptin gene consequently. On the other hand, central expression level of NPY gene was increased significantly compared with the control group at the same amount of acarbose administered, reflecting that leptin and NPY operate in a negative-feedback circuit to regulate body fat stores.

Keyword

Acarbose; alpha-glycosidase; Leptin; Neuropeptide Y
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