J Nurs Acad Soc.  1988 Aug;18(2):105-117.

Effect of 8 week's aerobic dance training on the body composition, cardiopulmonary function and blood cholesterol concentration in young women

Abstract

To evaluate training effect, aerobic dance was performed by eight female collegestudents for 8 weeks.' Body composition, cardiopulmonary function at rest and during maximal exercise, blood cholesterol concentration at rest were determined before and after 8weeks of aerobic dance training. Maximal exercise was performed on the treadmill according of Bruce protocol. Pre to post training differences were evaluated. The results obtained were as follows: 1. After the training, skinfold thickness and total body fat decreased significantly(p<0.1) while lean body mass increased with significance (p<0.1). 2. Heart rate and arterial blood pressure at rest decreased without sinificance after the training. 3. As a result of training, forced vital capacity and forced expiratory volume for a second increased significantly (p<0.01, P<0.1). 4. After the training period, heart rate at 3,6, and 9 min. during treadmill exercise was significantly lower than those of pretraining (p<0.05). 5. After the training, systolic and diastolic blood pressure at 6 and 9 min during the exercise was significantly lower than those of pretrainirig (p<0.025, p<0.1). 6. After the training, oxygen uptake at 3 and 6 min . during the exercise was significantly greater than those of pretraining (p<0.05). 7. As a result of training, the maximal oxygen uptake increased significantly during the exercise (p<0.1). 8. After the training, expired air volume for a minute at 3 and 6 min during the exercise was signigicantly grerter than those of pretraining (p<0.1). 9. After the training, repiratory quotient during the exercise was lower than pretaining without signif icance. 10. After the training, blood HDL-cholesterol concentration incereased with significance, (p<0.1) blood total cholesterol and triglycerids concentration dec-reasedsigntficantly (p<0.1). From these results, it may be concluded that 8 week aerobic dance training reduces skinfold thickness and body fat contents, improves the cardiopulmonary function and tissue oxygen utilization, reduces blood cholesterol and triglyceride concentration and brings about the increase of blood HDL-cholesterol concentriation.


MeSH Terms

Adult
Blood Pressure
*Body Composition
Cholesterol/*blood
*Exercise
Female
Heart/*physiology
Heart Rate
Humans
Lung/*physiology
Lung Volume Measurements
Oxygen Consumption
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