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Lamotrigine Decreased Hippocampal Damage and Improved Vascular Risk Markers in a Rat Model of Pentylenetetrazole Induced Kindling Seizure

Haggag BS, Hasanin AH, Raafat MH, Abdel Kawy HS

  • Korean J Physiol Pharmacol.
  • 2014 Jun;18(3):269-278.
  • doi: 10.4196/kjpp.2014.18.3.269
Various antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) especially enzyme-inducing AEDs might be associated with increased vascular risk, through impairment of the endogenous antioxidative ability which may trigger oxygen-dependent tissue injury. Lamotrigine (LTG) a...
Chronic Non-Social Stress Affects Depressive Behaviors But Not Anxiety in Mice

Yoon SH, Kim BH, Ye SK, Kim MH

  • Korean J Physiol Pharmacol.
  • 2014 Jun;18(3):263-268.
  • doi: 10.4196/kjpp.2014.18.3.263
The etiology of most psychiatric disorders is still incompletely understood. However, growing evidence suggests that stress is a potent environmental risk factor for depression and anxiety. In rodents, various stress...
The Stimulatory Effect of Essential Fatty Acids on Glucose Uptake Involves Both Akt and AMPK Activation in C2C12 Skeletal Muscle Cells

Park SY, Kim MH, Ahn JH, Lee SJ, Lee JH, Eum WS, Choi SY, Kwon HY

  • Korean J Physiol Pharmacol.
  • 2014 Jun;18(3):255-261.
  • doi: 10.4196/kjpp.2014.18.3.255
Essential fatty acid (EFA) is known to be required for the body to function normally and healthily. However, the effect of EFA on glucose uptake in skeletal muscle has not...
KHG26792 Inhibits Melanin Synthesis in Mel-Ab Cells and a Skin Equivalent Model

Li H, Kim J, Hahn HG, Yun J, Jeong HS, Yun HY, Baek KJ, Kwon NS, Min YS, Park KC, Kim DS

  • Korean J Physiol Pharmacol.
  • 2014 Jun;18(3):249-254.
  • doi: 10.4196/kjpp.2014.18.3.249
The purpose of this study is to characterize the effects of KHG26792 (3-(naphthalen-2-yl(propoxy) methyl)azetidine hydrochloride), a potential skin whitening agent, on melanin synthesis and identify the underlying mechanism of action....
Effects of C18 Fatty Acids on Intracellular Ca2+ Mobilization and Histamine Release in RBL-2H3 Cells

Kim MC, Kim MG, Jo YS, Song HS, Eom TI, Sim SS

  • Korean J Physiol Pharmacol.
  • 2014 Jun;18(3):241-247.
  • doi: 10.4196/kjpp.2014.18.3.241
To investigate the underlying mechanisms of C18 fatty acids (stearic acid, oleic acid, linoleic acid and alpha-linolenic acid) on mast cells, we measured the effect of C18 fatty acids on...
Hypericum Perforatum Decreased Hippocampus TNF-alpha and Corticosterone Levels with No Effect on Kynurenine/Tryptophan Ratio in Bilateral Ovariectomized Rats

El-Bakly W, Hasanin AH

  • Korean J Physiol Pharmacol.
  • 2014 Jun;18(3):233-239.
  • doi: 10.4196/kjpp.2014.18.3.233
The present study was designed to investigate the effect Hypericum Perforatum (HP), on behavioral changes, corticosterone, TNF-alpha levels and tryptophan metabolism and disposition in bilateral ovariectomized rats compared to 17alpha...
The Protective Role of TLR3 and TLR9 Ligands in Human Pharyngeal Epithelial Cells Infected with Influenza A Virus

Han Y, Bo ZJ, Xu MY, Sun N, Liu DH

  • Korean J Physiol Pharmacol.
  • 2014 Jun;18(3):225-231.
  • doi: 10.4196/kjpp.2014.18.3.225
In this study we aim to extensively investigate the anti-influenza virus immune responses in human pharyngeal epithelial cell line (Hep-2) and evaluate the protective role of Toll-like receptor (TLR) ligands...
Modeling of the Parathyroid Hormone Response after Calcium Intake in Healthy Subjects

Ahn JE, Jeon S, Lee J, Han S, Yim DS

  • Korean J Physiol Pharmacol.
  • 2014 Jun;18(3):217-223.
  • doi: 10.4196/kjpp.2014.18.3.217
Plasma ionized calcium (Ca2+) concentrations are tightly regulated in the body and maintained within a narrow range; thus it is challenging to quantify calcium absorption under normal physiologic conditions. This...
Effect of Exercise Intensity on Unfolded Protein Response in Skeletal Muscle of Rat

Kim K, Kim YH, Lee SH, Jeon MJ, Park SY, Doh KO

  • Korean J Physiol Pharmacol.
  • 2014 Jun;18(3):211-216.
  • doi: 10.4196/kjpp.2014.18.3.211
Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress, unfolded protein response (UPR), and mitochondrial biogenesis were assessed following varying intensities of exercise training. The animals were randomly assigned to receive either low- (LIT, n=7)...
Ameliorative Effect of a Selective Endothelin ETA Receptor Antagonist in Rat Model of L-Methionine-induced Vascular Dementia

Mangat GS, Jaggi AS, Singh N

  • Korean J Physiol Pharmacol.
  • 2014 Jun;18(3):201-209.
  • doi: 10.4196/kjpp.2014.18.3.201
The present study was designed to investigate the efficacy of selective ET(A) receptor antagonist, ambrisentan on hyperhomocysteinemia-induced experimental vascular dementia. L-methionine was administered for 8 weeks to induce hyperhomocysteinemia and...
Alpha-Asarone, a Major Component of Acorus gramineus, Attenuates Corticosterone-Induced Anxiety-Like Behaviours via Modulating TrkB Signaling Process

Lee B, Sur B, Yeom M, Shim I, Lee H, Hahm DH

  • Korean J Physiol Pharmacol.
  • 2014 Jun;18(3):191-200.
  • doi: 10.4196/kjpp.2014.18.3.191
We investigated the anxiolytic-like activity of alpha-asarone (AAS) from Acorus gramineus in an experimental rat model of anxiety induced by repeated administration of the exogenous stress hormone corticosterone (CORT). The...

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