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Elucidation of the pathophysiology of intradialytic muscle cramps: pharmacokinetics applied to translational research

Atkinson A

In the conventional concept of translational research, investigations flow from the laboratory bench to the bedside. However, clinical research can also serve as the starting point for subsequent laboratory investigations...
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A Case of Multiple Posterior Cervical Ganglioneuromas in Elderly Patient

Lim SH, Kim MA, Kim SW

Ganglioneuroma (GN) is benign neurogenic tumor arising from ganglia of the sympathetic nervous system. They are mostly found at posterior mediastinum, retroperitoneum, and adrenal gland, whereas only 1–5% occurred in...
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Heart and Brain Interaction of Psychiatric Illness: A Review Focused on Heart Rate Variability, Cognitive Function, and Quantitative Electroencephalography

Jung W, Jang KI, Lee SH

Heart rate variability (HRV) reflects beat-to-beat variability in the heart rate due to the dynamic interplay of the sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous systems. HRV is considered an index of the...
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Neuroimmune interactions and kidney disease

Hasegawa S, Inoue T, Inagi R

The autonomic nervous system plays critical roles in maintaining homeostasis in humans, directly regulating inflammation by altering the activity of the immune system. The cholinergic anti-inflammatory pathway is a well-studied...
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A pilot study on the role of autonomic function testing in predicting hypotension in patients undergoing cesarean section under spinal anesthesia

Kim H, An J, Kim E, Lee J, Son J, Woo K, Noh H

BACKGROUND: Maternal hypotension is a common complication during obstetric spinal anesthesia. This study was conducted to investigate the role of autonomic function testing in predicting maternal hypotension during spinal anesthesia...
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Reference ranges for autonomic function tests in healthy Korean adults

Park KH, Kim BJ, Kang SY, Oh SY, Sohn EH, Song KJ, Shin JH, Kang KH, Cho EB, Jeong H, Lee H, Kim HA, Kim RB, Park KJ

BACKGROUND: The standardized autonomic function test has become widely available. However, there are no reference data for this test for the Korean population. This study explored reference data for sudomotor...
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The Connection between Charles Darwin's Evolutionary Theory of ‘Heredity of Behaviors’ and the 19th Century Neuroscience: The Influence of Neuroscience on Darwin's Overcoming of Lamarck's Theory of Evolution

Han S

The nineteenth century neuroscience studied the instinct of animal to understand the human mind. In particular, it has been found that the inheritance of unconscious behavior like instinct is mediated...
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Ascites

Jeong SW

Ascites is the most common cause of decompensation in cirrhosis, and 5% to 10% of patients with compensated cirrhosis develop ascites each year. The main factor of ascites formation is...
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Use of stellate ganglion block for treatment of recurrent syncope followed by chest pain

Kim YU, Shin YJ, Cho YW

Syncope is defined as a transient loss of consciousness and postural tone, characterized by rapid onset, short duration, and spontaneous recovery. Stellate ganglion block (SGB) is a nerve block method...
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Stellate ganglion block for the treatment of intractable hiccups: A case report

Son HW, Cho YW, Kim YU, Shin YJ

Hiccups are an involuntary contraction of the diaphragm that may repeat several times per minute. In general, hiccups are very common, transient, and self-limited. However, if the condition persists longer...
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Changes in blood flow at the mandibular angle and Horner syndrome in a rat model of superior cervical ganglion block

Kubota K, Sunada K

BACKGROUND: A stellate ganglion block (SGB) causes increased blood flow in the maxillofacial region, exhibiting the potential for regenerative effects in damaged tissue. The focus of this study was to...
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Stress and Heart Rate Variability: A Meta-Analysis and Review of the Literature

Kim HG, Cheon EJ, Bai DS, Lee YH, Koo BH

OBJECTIVE: Physical or mental imbalance caused by harmful stimuli can induce stress to maintain homeostasis. During chronic stress, the sympathetic nervous system is hyperactivated, causing physical, psychological, and behavioral abnormalities....
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Prenatally detected thoracic neuroblastoma

Park Y, Lee HJ, Jung YJ, Lee JH, Kwon JY, Kim YH

Neuroblastoma is the most common pediatric extracranial solid tumor derived from primitive neural crest cells of the sympathetic nervous system. Although one-fifths of all neuroblastomas occurs within the thorax, thoracic...
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The Correlations between Recurrent Disc Hemorrhage and Sympathetic Variability, and the Disc Morphology

Park YR, Park HY, Park CK

PURPOSE: To evaluate the correlations of sympathetic variability and recurrent disc hemorrhage, and the morphology of the optic disc. METHODS: This study included 41 eyes of 41 patients who had at...
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Heart Rate Variability Among Children With Acquired Brain Injury

Kim SW, Jeon HR, Kim JY, Kim Y

OBJECTIVE: To find evidence of autonomic imbalance and present the heart rate variability (HRV) parameters that reflect the severity of paroxysmal sympathetic hyperactivity (PSH) in children with acquired brain injury...
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A comparison between the right side and the left side of head skin in a patient who received more than 450 sessions of left stellate ganglion block: A case report

Hong SM, Park BC, Song JG, Lee GW

Stellate ganglion block (SGB) is an effective method that is used by pain clinicians to treat patients who have pain in the head, neck and arm area. SGB acts mainly...
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Transdermal Nicotine Patch Effects on EEG Power Spectra and Heart Rate Variability During Sleep of Healthy Male Adults

Choi JB, Lee YJ, Jeong DU

OBJECTIVE: The effect of transdermal nicotine patch on sleep physiology is not well established. The current study aimed to examine the influence of nicotine patch on homeostatic sleep propensity and...
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Renal sodium handling and sodium sensitivity

Frame AA, Wainford R

The pathophysiology of hypertension, which affects over 1 billion individuals worldwide, involves the integration of the actions of multiple organ systems, including the kidney. The kidney, which governs sodium excretion...
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Harlequin Syndrome Following Resection of Mediastinal Ganglioneuroma

Jeon YJ, Son J, Cho JH

Harlequin syndrome is a rare disorder of the sympathetic nervous system characterized by unilateral facial flushing and sweating. Although its etiology is unknown, this syndrome appears to be a dysfunction...
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Clinical Applications of Heart Rate Variability in Neurological Disorders

Jeong H, Park KJ

Heart rate variability (HRV) is a useful marker for predicting mortality and cardiovascular events in cardiac diseases. Various time- and frequency-domain parameters are used for assessing HRV. The time-domain measures...
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