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Complete genome sequence of a methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus schleiferi strain from canine otitis externa in Korea

Lee GY, Yang SJ

The increase in canine skin and soft tissue infections, such as pyoderma and otitis, caused by Staphylococcus schleiferi strains, is of significant zoonotic concern. In this study, we report the...
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Diversity of Genetic Environment of bla(CTX-M) Genes and Antimicrobial Susceptibility in Extended-spectrum β-lactamase producing Escherichia coli Isolated in Korea

Yang YY, Suh MH

Increasing resistance due to the production of extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL) in Escherichia coli is a major problem to public health and CTX-M enzymes have become the most prevalent ESBL worldwide....
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Interaction between Brucella melitensis 16M and small ubiquitin-related modifier 1 and E2 conjugating enzyme 9 in mouse RAW264.7 macrophages

Yi J, Wang Y, Li Q, Zhang H, Shao Z, Deng X, He J, Xiao C, Wang Z, Wang Y, Chen C

Brucella is an intracellular pathogen that invades a host and settles in its immune cells; however, the mechanism of its intracellular survival is unclear. Modification of small ubiquitin-related modifier (SUMO)...
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Efficient Utilization of Korean Medical Fungal Pathogen Resource Bank for Clinical Research

Kim J, Oh J, Sung GH, Lee H, Choi JS, Lee S, Kim M, Choi SY

A “pathogen resource” contains information about pathogens (e.g., bacteria, fungi, viruses, and protozoa) and microbial derivatives (e.g., DNA, RNA, plasmid, clone, and cDNA). Pathogen resources are important for their potential...
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Cell Death Mechanisms in Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma Induced by Vesicular Stomatitis Virus Matrix Protein

Douzandegan Y, Tahamtan A, Gray Z, Nikoo HR, Tabarraei , Moradi A

OBJECTIVES: Vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV) is under development as an oncolytic virus due to its preferential replication in cancer cells and oncolytic activity, however the viral components responsible have not...
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Association Between Toxin-antitoxin Systems on Plasmids and Persister Formation in CTX-15-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae ST11 Isolates

Chung ES, Kim SY, Ko KS

We investigated the effect of toxin-antitoxin (TA) systems in bla(CTX-M-15)-bearing plasmids of Klebsiella pneumoniae on persister formation. The persister formation rate was notably high in transconjugants in plasmids bearing TA...
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Respiratory Syncytial Virus Fusion Protein-encoding DNA Vaccine Is Less Effective in Conferring Protection against Inflammatory Disease than a Virus-like Particle Platform

Kwon YM, Hwang HS, Lee YT, Kim KH, Lee Y, Kim MC, Lee YN, Quan FS, Moore ML, Kang SM

Formalin-inactivated respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) vaccination causes vaccine-enhanced disease (VED) after RSV infection. It is considered that vaccine platforms enabling endogenous synthesis of RSV immunogens would induce favorable immune responses...
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Comparison of the Effectiveness in the Application of Competitive and Noncompetitive Internal Control for the Laboratory Developed Polymerase Chain Reaction

Shin S, Kang JW, Kang JW, Seo YI, Min H

BACKGROUND: A nucleic acid amplification test was adopted to detect transfusion-transmitted infectious agents. In the case of HTLV, however, there was no internal control (IC) because the laboratory developed polymerase...
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Nkx-2.5 Regulates MDR1 Expression via Its Upstream Promoter in Breast Cancer Cells

Lim JS, Jung GY, Park SY

BACKGROUND: Increased expression of MDR1 gene is one of the major mechanisms responsible for multidrug resistance in cancer cells. Two alternative promoters, upstream and downstream, are responsible for transcription of...
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Effects of TGF-β1 Overexpression on Biological Characteristics of Human Dental Pulp-derived Mesenchymal Stromal Cells

Salkın H, Gönen ZB, Ergen E, Bahar D, Çetin M

OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to investigate the effect of Transforming growth factor beta-1 (TGF-β1) gene therapy on the surface markers, multilineage differentiation, viability, apoptosis, cell cycle, DNA...
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Pokemon Inhibits Transforming Growth Factor β-Smad4-Related Cell Proliferation Arrest in Breast Cancer through Specificity Protein 1

Chen L, Zhong J, Liu JH, Liao DF, Shen YY, Zhong XL, Xiao X, Ding WJ, Peng XD, Xiong W, Zu XY

PURPOSE: Pokemon, also known as ZBTB7A, belongs to the POZ and Krüppel (POK) family of transcription repressors and is implicated in tumor progression as a key proto-oncogene. This present study...
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Establishment of a T(m)-shift Method for Detection of Cat-Derived Hookworms

Fu Y, Liu Y, Abuzeid AM, Huang Y, Zhou X, He L, Zhao Q, Li X, Liu J, Ran R, Li G

Melting temperature shift (T(m)-shift) is a new detection method that analyze the melting curve on real-time PCR thermocycler using SYBR Green I fluorescent dye. To establish a T(m)-shift method for...
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Restorative Mechanism of Neural Progenitor Cells Overexpressing Arginine Decarboxylase Genes Following Ischemic Injury

Kim JY, Kim JY, Kim JH, Jung H, Lee WT, Lee JE

Cell replacement therapy using neural progenitor cells (NPCs) following ischemic stroke is a promising potential therapeutic strategy, but lacks efficacy for human central nervous system (CNS) therapeutics. In a previous...
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MicroRNA-206 Reduces Osteosarcoma Cell Malignancy In Vitro by Targeting the PAX3-MET Axis

Zhan FB, Zhang XW, Feng SL, Cheng J, Zhang Y, Li B, Xie LZ, Deng QR

PURPOSE: This study was undertaken to explore how miR-206 represses osteosarcoma (OS) development. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Expression levels of miR-206, PAX3, and MET mRNA were explored in paired OS and adjacent...
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High-quality draft genome and characterization of commercially potent probiotic Lactobacillus strains

Sulthana A, Lakshmi SG, Madempudi

Lactobacillus acidophilus UBLA-34, L. paracasei UBLPC-35, L. plantarum UBLP-40, and L. reuteri UBLRU-87 were isolated from different varieties of fermented foods. To determine the probiotic safety at the strain level,...
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p90RSK Activation Promotes Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition in Cisplatin-Treated Triple-Negative Breast Cancer Cells

Jin Y, Heo KS

p90 ribosomal S6 kinase (p90RSK), one of the downstream effectors in ERK1/2 pathways, shows high expression in human breast cancer tissues. However, its role in breast cancer development and drug...
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IKKγ Facilitates the Activation of NF-κB by Hepatitis C Virus Core Protein

Kang BY, Lee SY, Kim JI, Choi HJ, Joo WH, Kim DW

Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a major cause of chronic hepatitis, liver cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. HCV core protein has been shown to modulate various cellular signaling pathways including the...
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Bcl11b Regulates IL-17 Through the TGF-β/Smad Pathway in HDM-Induced Asthma

Chen S, Han Y, Chen H, Wu J, Zhang M

PURPOSE: T helper (Th) 17 cells play a critical role in the development of asthma, but the underlying mechanism of how interleukin (IL)-17 is regulated in allergic airway inflammation is...
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Evaluation of Protective Immune Response Induced by a DNA Vaccine Encoding GRA8 against Acute Toxoplasmosis in a Murine Model

Chu JQ, Huang S, Ye W, Fan XY, Huang R, Ye SC, Yu CY, Wu WY, Zhou Y, Zhou W, Lee YH, Quan JH

Toxoplasma gondii is an apicomplexan zoonotic protozoan parasite that infects most species of warm-blooded animals, including humans. The heavy incidence and severe or lethal damage caused by T. gondii infection...
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Development of dual reporter imaging system for Francisella tularensis to monitor the spatio-temporal pathogenesis and vaccine efficacy

Kim YH, Park PG, Seo SH, Hong KJ, Youn H

PURPOSE: Study on the pathogen and the pathogen-related disease require the information at both cellular and organism level. However, lack of appropriate high-quality antibodies and the difference between the experimental...
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