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Isolation of Small Extracellular Vesicles From Human Serum Using a Combination of Ultracentrifugation With Polymer-Based Precipitation

Ryu KJ, Lee JY, Park C, Cho D, Kim SJ

Methods for reproducibly isolating and enriching small extracellular vesicles (EVs) from blood are essential for clinical utilization of small EVs in cancer patients. We combined ultracentrifugation (UC) with polymer-based precipitation...
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Initiation of human parturition: signaling from senescent fetal tissues via extracellular vesicle mediated paracrine mechanism

Menon R

A better understanding of the underlying mechanisms by which signals from the fetus initiate human parturition is required. Our recent findings support the core hypothesis that oxidative stress (OS) and...
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Extracellular vesicles in renal physiology and clinical applications for renal disease

Kwon SH

Many cells in the nephron release extracellular vesicles (EVs). EVs envelop nucleic acids, proteins, and lipids. The surfaces of EVs express donor cell-specific markers, ligands, and major histocompatibility complex molecules....
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Extracellular Vesicles Derived from Lactobacillus plantarum Increase BDNF Expression in Cultured Hippocampal Neurons and Produce Antidepressant-like Effects in Mice

Choi J, Kim YK, Han PL

Gut microbiota play a role in regulating mental disorders, but the mechanism by which gut microbiota regulate brain function remains unclear. Gram negative and positive gut bacteria release membrane-derived extracellular...
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Extracellular Vesicles of Neutrophils

Hong CW

Extracellular vesicles (EVs) are membrane-derived vesicles that mediate intercellular communications. As professional phagocytes, neutrophils also produce EVs in response to various inflammatory stimuli during inflammatory processes. Neutrophil-derived EVs can be...
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Extracellular Vesicles in Psychiatry Research in the Context of RDoC Criteria

Ilgın C, Topuzoğlu A

The analysis of extracellular vesicles has been accelerated because of the technological advancements in omics methods in recent decades. Extracellular vesicles provide multifaceted information regarding the functional status of the...
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Microbe-derived extracellular vesicles as a smart drug delivery system

Yang J, Kim EK, McDowell A, Kim YK

The human microbiome is known to play an essential role in influencing host health. Extracellular vesicles (EVs) have also been reported to act on a variety of signaling pathways, distally...
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Lactobacillus plantarum-derived Extracellular Vesicles Protect Atopic Dermatitis Induced by Staphylococcus aureus-derived Extracellular Vesicles

Kim MH, Choi SJ, Choi HI, Choi JP, Park HK, Kim EK, Kim MJ, Moon BS, Min TK, Rho M, Cho YJ, Yang S, Kim YK, Kim YY, Pyun BY

PURPOSE: The microbial environment is an important factor that contributes to the pathogenesis of atopic dermatitis (AD). Recently, it was revealed that not only bacteria itself but also extracellular vesicles...
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Extracellular Vesicles Derived from Hypoxic Human Mesenchymal Stem Cells Attenuate GSK3β Expression via miRNA-26a in an Ischemia-Reperfusion Injury Model

Park H, Park H, Mun D, Kang J, Kim H, Kim M, Cui S, Lee SH, Joung B

PURPOSE: Bioactive molecules critical to intracellular signaling are contained in extracellular vesicles (EVs) and have cardioprotective effects in ischemia/reperfusion (IR) injured hearts. This study investigated the mechanism of the cardioprotective...
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Akkermansia muciniphila-derived extracellular vesicles influence gut permeability through the regulation of tight junctions

Chelakkot , Choi Y, Kim DK, Park HT, Ghim J, Kwon Y, Jeon J, Kim MS, Jee YK, Gho YS, Park HS, Kim YK, Ryu SH

The gut microbiota has an important role in the gut barrier, inflammation and metabolic functions. Studies have identified a close association between the intestinal barrier and metabolic diseases, including obesity...
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Extracellular Vesicles and the Promise of Continuous Liquid Biopsies

Armstrong , Wildman DE

The rapid and accurate diagnosis of patients with minimally invasive procedures was once only found in science fiction. However, the discovery of extracellular vesicles (EVs) and their near ubiquity in...
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Extracellular Vesicles in Neurodegenerative Diseases: A Double-Edged Sword

Lee JY, Kim HS

Extracellular vesicles (EVs), a heterogenous group of membrane-bound particles, are virtually secreted by all cells and play important roles in cell-cell communication. Loaded with proteins, mRNAs, non-coding RNAs and membrane...
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Extracellular Vesicles as a Source of Urological Biomarkers: Lessons Learned From Advances and Challenges in Clinical Applications to Major Diseases

Choi JY, Kim S, Kwak HB, Park DH, Park JH, Ryu JS, Park CS, Kang JH

Extracellular vesicles (EVs) not only eliminate unwanted molecular components, but also carry molecular cargo essential for specific intercellular communication mechanisms. As the molecular characteristics and biogenetical mechanisms of heterogeneous EVs...
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Helicobacter pylori-derived extracellular vesicles increased in the gastric juices of gastric adenocarcinoma patients and induced inflammation mainly via specific targeting of gastric epithelial cells

Choi HI, Choi JP, Seo J, Kim BJ, Rho M, Han JK, Kim JG

Evidence indicates that Helicobacter pylori is the causative agent of chronic gastritis and perhaps gastric malignancy. Extracellular vesicles (EVs) play an important role in the evolutional process of malignancy due...
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The microbiome of the lung and its extracellular vesicles in nonsmokers, healthy smokers and COPD patients

Kim HJ, Kim YS, Kim KH, Choi JP, Kim YK, Yun S, Sharma L, Dela Cruz , Lee JS, Oh YM, Lee SD, Lee SW

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a chronic inflammatory disease, and bacterial infection plays a role in its pathogenesis. Bacteria secrete nanometer-sized extracellular vesicles (EVs), which may induce more immune...
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Extracellular Vesicles, a Key Mediator to Link Environmental Microbiota to Airway Immunity

Choi Y, Park H, Park HS, Kim YK

Asthma is considered the hallmark of chronic airway inflammation, in which several inflammatory cells of the innate and adaptive immune system act together. The disease is thought to be caused...
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16S rRNA gene-based metagenomic analysis reveals differences in bacteria-derived extracellular vesicles in the urine of pregnant and non-pregnant women

Yoo JY, Rho M, You YA, Kwon EJ, Kim MH, Kym S, Jee YK, Kim YK, Kim YJ

Recent evidence has indicated that bacteria-derived extracellular vesicles (EVs) are important for host–microbe communication. The aims of the present study were to evaluate whether bacteria-derived EVs are excreted via the...
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