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Prescription of antibiotics after tooth extraction in adults: a nationwide study in Korea

Choi YY

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to understand the nationwide patterns of antibiotic prescription after tooth extraction in adult patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study analyzed dental records from the National Health Insurance...
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Management of Antibiotic-Resistant Helicobacter pylori Infection: Perspectives from Vietnam

Van Khien , Thang DM, Hai TM, Duat NQ, Khanh PH, Ha DT, Binh TT, Dung HD, Trang TT, Yamaoka Y

Antibiotic resistance is the most important factor leading to the failure of eradication regimens. This review focuses on the prevalence of Helicobacter pylori primary and secondary resistance to clarithromycin, metronidazole,...
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Genetic Variability of Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus Strains Isolated from Burns Patients

Goudarzi M, Kobayashi , Hashemi A, Fazeli M, Navidinia

OBJECTIVES: Staphylococcus aureus is a nosocomial pathogen that provides a major challenge in the healthcare environment, especially in burns units where patients are particularly susceptible to infections. In this study,...
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Guideline for the Antibiotic Use in Acute Gastroenteritis

Kim YJ, Park KH, Park DA, Park J, Bang BW, Lee SS, Lee EJ, Lee HJ, Hong SK, Kim YR

Acute gastroenteritis is common infectious disease in community in adults. This work represents an update of ‘Clinical guideline for the diagnosis and treatment of gastrointestinal infections’ that was developed domestically...
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Dissemination of Carbapenem-Resistance among Multidrug Resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa carrying Metallo-Beta-Lactamase Genes, including the Novel bla(IMP-65) Gene in Thailand

Khuntayaporn P, Yamprayoonswat W, Yasawong M, Chomnawang MT

BACKGROUND: Pseudomonas aeruginosa is considered as one of the most emerging threats in this century. Serious infections caused by this pathogen are often treated by carbapenems which are the last...
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Multiplex PCR analysis of virulence genes and their influence on antibiotic resistance in Enterococcus spp. isolated from broiler chicken

Song H, Bae Y, Jeon E, Kwon Y, Joh S

Enterococcus spp. are opportunistic pathogens that cause lameness in broiler chickens, resulting in serious economic losses worldwide. Virulence of Enterococcus spp. is associated with several putative virulence genes including fsr,...
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Age-Specific Cutoffs of the Sysmex UF-1000i Automated Urine Analyzer for Rapid Screening of Urinary Tract Infections in Outpatients

Kim H, Kim HR, Kim TH, Lee MK

We investigated the usefulness of age-specific cutoffs for screening of urinary tract infections (UTIs) in Korean outpatients, using the automated urine analyzer UF-1000i (Sysmex, Kobe, Japan). We retrospectively reviewed outpatient...
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Evaluation of commercial probiotic lactic cultures against biofilm formation by Cronobacter sakazakii

Jamwal A, Sharma K, Chauhan R, Bansal S, Goel G

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Cronobacter sakazakii, an emergent pathogen is considered as a major concern to infants and neonates fed on reconstituted powdered infant milk formula. In conjunction with many other factors, biofilm...
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An Epidemiologic Study on Hosts and Pathogens of Urinary Tract Infection in Urban Children of Korea (2012–2017)

Yoo YM, Park BS, Lee SY, Park KJ, Jung HJ, Pai KS

PURPOSE: We aimed to determine characteristics of host, causative organisms, and antibiotic susceptibility of bacteria in pediatric patients with UTI living in metropolitan area of Korea. METHODS: Retrospective investigation was done...
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Changes in Antibiotic Resistance of Acute Bacterial Prostatitis in a Korean Single Center

Kim BH, Choi K, Cho IC, Min SK

PURPOSE: Acute bacterial prostatitis (ABP) is one of main infective disease in urology with various symptoms. Occurrence of complications can be minimized by appropriate treatment. We studied whether any changes...
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Skin and Soft Tissue Infections in Plastic Surgery Over 10 Years

Han SE, Hwang SO, Lee SH, Cho PD

BACKGROUND: Skin and soft tissue infections (SSTIs) are frequently managed by plastic surgeons. Nowadays, antibiotics resistant organisms are increasing due to inappropriate use of antibiotics, and their treatment is becoming...
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Pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic integration of enrofloxacin against Salmonella Enteritidis after administering to broiler chicken by per-oral and intravenous routes

Kang J, Hossain MA, Park HC, Kim Y, Lee KJ, Park SW

It is crucial to optimize the dose of fluoroquinolones to avoid antibiotic resistance and to attain clinical success. We undertook this study to optimize the dose of enrofloxacin against Salmonella...
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Antimicrobial resistance profiles of vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus species isolated from laboratory mice

Yamanaka H, Kadomatsu , Takagi T, Ohsawa M, Yamamoto N, Kubo N, Takemoto T, Ohsawa K

Isolates of 24 enterococci, 5 Enterococcus casseliflavus and 19 Enterococcus gallinarum, possessing vanC genes and showing low-level resistance to vancomycin were obtained from mice from commercial mouse breeding companies. Since...
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Carriage of Staphylococcus schleiferi from canine otitis externa: antimicrobial resistance profiles and virulence factors associated with skin infection

Lee GY, Lee HH, Hwang SY, Hong J, Lyoo KS, Yang SJ

The recent emergence of Staphylococcus schleiferi in dogs with otitis externa or skin and soft tissue infections has become a significant zoonotic issues. In the current study, we investigated 1)...
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RND efflux pump systems in Acinetobacter, with special emphasis on their role in quorum sensing

Subhadra B, Oh MH, Choi CH

Acinetobacter is an important opportunistic, multidrug resistant pathogen causing majority of nosocomial infections worldwide. The multidrug resistance is attributed by a plethora of efflux pumps and the overexpression of the...
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Eradication Rates of 10-day Sequential Therapy for Helicobacter pylori: Results of an 8-year Prospective Study Conducted at a Tertiary Korean Hospital

Yoon K, Kim N

BACKGROUND/AIMS: The Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) eradication rate of standard triple therapy is unsatisfactory in Korea, and sequential therapy (SQT) has been suggested to be a practical first-line alternative regimen....
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Eradication Therapy for Helicobacter pylori with Diagnostic Test for Clarithromycin Resistance

Kim YJ, Chung WC

Addressing the increasing antibiotic resistance, including clarithromycin resistance, which affects Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) eradication therapy, is a challenge for clinicians. Antibiotic resistance is the main reason for H. pylori...
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High-quality draft genome and characterization of commercially potent probiotic Lactobacillus strains

Sulthana A, Lakshmi SG, Madempudi

Lactobacillus acidophilus UBLA-34, L. paracasei UBLPC-35, L. plantarum UBLP-40, and L. reuteri UBLRU-87 were isolated from different varieties of fermented foods. To determine the probiotic safety at the strain level,...
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Antibiotic sensitivity and resistance of bacteria from odontogenic maxillofacial abscesses

Kang SH, Kim MK

OBJECTIVES: This study investigated the types and antibiotic sensitivity of bacteria in odontogenic abscesses. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Pus specimens from 1,772 patients were collected from affected areas during incision and drainage,...
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Molecular Epidemiology of Staphylococcus aureus in Skin and Soft Tissue Infections and Bone and Joint Infections in Korean Children

Park SG, Lee HS, Park JY, Lee H

BACKGROUND: Community acquired-methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) clones, including ST1, ST8, and ST30 are reported worldwide. However, data among Korean children are limited. Thus, we investigated the molecular characteristics of...
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