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Role of MicroRNA-34a in Anti-Apoptotic Effects of Granulocyte-Colony Stimulating Factor in Diabetic Cardiomyopathy

Park IH, Song YS, Joo HW, Shen GY, Seong JH, Shin NK, Cho YJ, Lee Y, Shin JH, Lim YH, Kim H, Kim KS

BACKGROUND: Recent studies have shown that microRNAs (miRNAs) are involved in the process of cardiomyocyte apoptosis. We have previously reported that granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) ameliorated diastolic dysfunction and attenuated...
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Effect of dyslipidemia on vascular smooth muscle cell proliferation in a porcine coronary restenosis model

Jeong KJ, Kang P, Lee HY, Son HC, Park SH, Choi WS, Koo BS, Jeon CY, Baek SH, An YJ, Kim HK, Kim SS, Park JK, Bae IH, Park DS, Shim JW, Kim JU, Kim NY, Kim SU, Lim KS, Jeong MH

This study aimed to examine the effect of a mild elevation in serum cholesterol level in a porcine coronary overstretch restenosis model using a balloon angioplasty catheter or drug-eluting coronary...
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Effects of Low-carbohydrate and High-fat Diet Supplemented with Ketogenic Drink on Cognitive Function and Physical Performance in the Elderly at High Risk for Dementia

Kim EJ, Park JS, Choi WS, Park YK

OBJECTIVES: Reduced glucose utilization in the main parts of the brain involved in memory is a major cause of Alzheimer's disease, in which ketone bodies are used as the only...
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Antioxidant and antiobesity activities of oral treatment with ethanol extract from sprout of evening primrose (Oenothera laciniata) in high fat diet-induced obese mice

Kwak CS, Kim MJ, Kim SG, Park S, Kim IG, Kang HS

PURPOSE: Sprouts of evening primrose (Oenothera laciniata, OL) were reported to have high contents of flavonoids and potent antioxidant activity. This study examined the antioxidant and antiobesity activities of OL...
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Screening Moringa species focused on development of locally available sustainable nutritional supplements

Kim YJ, Kim HS

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The leaves of Moringa oleifera (MO) and Moringa stenopetala (MS) commonly grown in Ethiopia possess potential nutritional and medicinal value. The aim of this study was to evaluate the...
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Anti-diabetic effects of blue honeyberry on high-fed-diet-induced type II diabetic mouse

Sharma A, Kim JW, Ku SK, Choi JS, Lee HJ

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: The blue honeysuckle berry (Lonicera caerulea var. edulis L.) is a small deciduous shrub belonging to the Caprifoliaceae family that is native to Russia, China, Japan, and Korea. The...
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Effects of Isoflavone Supplementation on Lipid Profiles and Antioxidant Enzyme Activities in Growing Rats Fed High Fat Diet

Jang IS, Choi MJ

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of isoflavone on serum lipids and antioxidant enzymes activities in growing rats fed high lard diet. Twenty four female Sprague-Dawley...
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PF-04620110, a Potent Antidiabetic Agent, Suppresses Fatty Acid-Induced NLRP3 Inflammasome Activation in Macrophages

Jo SI, Bae JH, Kim SJ, Lee JM, Jeong JH, Moon JS

BACKGROUND: Chronic inflammation has been linked to insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). High-fat diet (HFD)-derived fatty acid is associated with the activation of chronic inflammation in T2DM....
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The effect of high fat dietary modification and nutritional status on the outcome of critically ill ventilated children: single-center study

El Koofy N, Rady HI, Abdallah S, Bazaraa HM, Rabie WA, El-Ayadi A

BACKGROUND: Ventilator dependency constitutes a major problem in the intensive care setting. Malnutrition is considered a major determinant of extubation failure, however, attention has been attracted to modulating carbon dioxide...
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Effect of a Single Bout of Exercise on Autophagy Regulation in Skeletal Muscle of High-Fat High-Sucrose Diet-Fed Mice

Zhang D, Lee JH, Kwak SE, Shin HE, Zhang Y, Moon HY, Shin DM, Seong JK, Tang L, Song W

BACKGROUND: Autophagy maintains metabolic homeostasis of muscles, and its impairment may cause muscle dysfunction. Exercise can improve muscle dysfunction induced by long-term high-fat diet. This study aimed to explore the...
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Effects of caloric restriction on the expression of lipocalin-2 and its receptor in the brown adipose tissue of high-fat diet-fed mice

Park KA, Jin Z, An HS, Lee JY, Jeong EA, Choi EB, Kim KE, Shin HJ, Lee JE, Roh GS

Obesity causes inflammation and impairs thermogenic functions in brown adipose tissue (BAT). The adipokine lipocalin 2 (LCN2) has been implicated in inflammation and obesity. Herein, we investigated the protective effects...
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Downregulation of IL-18 Expression in the Gut by Metformin-induced Gut Microbiota Modulation

Lee H, Kim J, An J, Lee S, Choi D, Kong H, Song Y, Park IH, Lee CK, Kim K

IL-18 is a crucial pro-inflammatory cytokine that mediates chronic intestinal inflammation. Metformin, an anti-diabetic drug, was reported to have ameliorative effects on inflammatory bowel disease. Recently, the mechanism of action...
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Evaluation of iNSiGHT VET DXA (Dual-Energy X-ray Absorptiometry) for assessing body composition in obese rats fed with high fat diet: a follow-up study of diet induced obesity model for 8 weeks

Yeu J, Ko HJ, Kim D, Ahn Y, Kim J, Lee W, Jung I, Suh J, Lee SJ

We examined the precision, accuracy, and capability of detecting changes of Dual-Energy X-ray Absorptiometry (DXA) for the measurements of total-body weight (TBW), total-body fat weight (TBFW), and total-body lean weight...
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Fumigaclavine C attenuates adipogenesis in 3T3-L1 adipocytes and ameliorates lipid accumulation in high-fat diet-induced obese mice

Yu WG, He Y, Chen YF, Gao XY, Ning WE, Liu CY, Tang TF, Liu Q, Huang XC

Fumigaclavine C (FC), an active indole alkaloid, is obtained from endophytic Aspergillus terreus (strain No. FC118) by the root of Rhizophora stylosa (Rhizophoraceae). This study is designed to evaluate whether...
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Rat Intestinal Acetic Acid and Butyric acid and Effects of Age, Sex, and High-fat Diet on the Intestinal Levels in Rats

Choi SI, Kim N, Lee SM, Nam RH, Kang SR, Song CH, Park YT, Min H, Kim YR, Seok YJ

BACKGROUND: High-fat diet is known to be implicated in the pathogenesis of various metabolic disorders related to an inflammatory response. The aim of this study was to investigate the influence...
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MiR-590 Inhibits Endothelial Cell Apoptosis by Inactivating the TLR4/NF-κB Pathway in Atherosclerosis

Yang L, Gao C

PURPOSE: Previous study has well documented the anti-apoptotic effects of miR-590 on oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL)-treated endothelial cells (ECs). However, the mechanism underlying the anti-apoptotic effects of miR-590 in ox-LDL-treated...
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Integrative Omics Reveals Metabolic and Transcriptomic Alteration of Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease in Catalase Knockout Mice

Na J, Choi SA, Khan A, Huh JY, Piao L, Hwang I, Ha H, Park YH

The prevalence of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has increased with the incidence of obesity; however, the underlying mechanisms are unknown. In this study, high-resolution metabolomics (HRM) along with transcriptomics...
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Feasibility and Stability of Liver Biopsy before Treatment for Preclinical Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Studies

Chae YJ, Jun DW, Saeed WK, Kang HT, Oh JH, Lee SM, Jang K

BACKGROUND: The heterogeneity of histological findings in preclinical diet-induced nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) animal models is highly challenging. Here, we aimed to evaluate the feasibility and stability of repeated...
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Telmisartan increases hepatic glucose production via protein kinase C ζ-dependent insulin receptor substrate-1 phosphorylation in HepG2 cells and mouse liver

Cho KW, Cho DH

BACKGROUND: Dysregulation of hepatic glucose production (HGP) contributes to the development of type 2 diabetes mellitus. Telmisartan, an angiotensin II type 1 receptor blocker (ARB), has various ancillary effects in...
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Inhibition of endoplasmic reticulum stress in high-fat-diet-induced obese C57BL/6 mice: Efficacy of a novel extract from mulberry (Morus alba) leaves fermented with Cordyceps militaris

Lee MR, Bae SJ, Kim JE, Song BR, Choi JY, Park JJ, Park JW, Kang MJ, Choi HJ, Choi YW, Kim KM, Hwang DY

A few clues about correlation between endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress and mulberry (Morus alba) leaves were investigated in only the experimental autoimmune myocarditis and streptozotocin-induced diabetes. To investigate whether a...
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