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The optimal model of reperfusion injury in vitro using H9c2 transformed cardiac myoblasts

Son E, Lee D, Woo CW, Kim YH

An in vitro model for ischemia/reperfusion injury has not been well-established. We hypothesized that this failure may be caused by serum deprivation, the use of glutamine-containing media, and absence of...
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Peripheral blood immune cell-based biomarkers in anti-PD-1/PD-L1 therapy

Kim KH, Kim CG, Shin EC

Immune checkpoint blockade targeting PD-1 and PD-L1 has resulted in unprecedented clinical benefit for cancer patients. Anti-PD-1/PD-L1 therapy has become the standard treatment for diverse cancer types as monotherapy or...
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Neuroprotective effects of urolithin A on Hâ‚‚Oâ‚‚-induced oxidative stress-mediated apoptosis in SK-N-MC cells

Kim KB, Lee S, Kim JH

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Oxidative stress causes cell damage and death, which contribute to the pathogenesis of neurodegenerative diseases. Urolithin A (UA), a gut microbial-derived metabolite of ellagitannins and ellagic acid, has high...
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Fluoxetine Induces Apoptotic and Oxidative Neuronal Death Associated with The Influx of Copper Ions in Cultured Neuronal Cells

Hwang S, Kim JK

We examined the effect of fluoxetine, a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor antidepressant, on neuronal viability in mouse cortical near-pure neuronal cultures. Addition of fluoxetine to the media for 24 hours...
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Spatiotemporal expression of RCAN1 and its isoform RCAN1-4 in the mouse hippocampus after pilocarpine-induced status epilepticus

Cho KO, Jeong KH, Cha JH, Kim SY

Regulator of calcineurin 1 (RCAN1) can be induced by an intracellular calcium increase and oxidative stress, which are characteristic features of temporal lobe epilepsy. Thus, we investigated the spatiotemporal expression...
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Induction of cell deathin early developmental phase of zebrafish treated with diethylnitrosamine

Kang JS

The purpose of this study was to investigate diethylnitrosamine (DEN)-induced liver damage in zebrafish. Zebrafish larvae were divided into five groups after seventy-two hours fertilization: group 1 (G1) as control,...
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Cyclosporin A aggravates hydrogen peroxide-induced cell death in kidney proximal tubule epithelial cells

Moon D, Kim J

Cyclosporin A (CsA) does not only exert a toxic effect on kidney parenchymal cells, but also protects them against necrotic cell death by inhibiting opening of mitochondrial permeability transition pore....
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Anticancer Activity of Tubulosine through Suppression of Interleukin-6-Induced Janus Kinase 2/Signal Transducer and Activation of Transcription 3 Signaling

Kim BH, Yi EH, Li YC, Park IC, Park JY, Ye SK

PURPOSE: The chemical structure of tubulosine has been known since the mid-1960s. However, little is known about its biological and pharmacological functions. The aim of this study was to investigate...
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Shen-Kang protects against tacrolimus-induced renal injury

Zhang LY, Jin J, Luo K, Piao SG, Zheng HL, Jin JZ, Lim SW, Choi BS, Yang CW, Li C

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Evidence suggests that Shen-Kang (SK), a traditional Chinese herbal medicine, protects against various types of renal injury. In this study, we evaluated whether SK treatment confers renoprotection in a...
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Curcumin-Induced Autophagy Augments Its Antitumor Effect against A172 Human Glioblastoma Cells

Lee JE, Yoon SS, Moon EY

Glioblastoma is the most aggressive common brain tumor in adults. Curcumin, from Curcuma longa, is an effective antitumor agent. Although the same proteins control both autophagy and cell death, the...
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A Case of Nivolumab-induced Cutaneous Toxicity

Choi W, Myung KB, Hahn HJ, Cheong SH

  • KMID: 2457689
  • Korean J Dermatol.
  • 2019 Aug;57(7):383-386.
Nivolumab is anti-programmed death 1 (PD1) receptor antibody, which can be used in the treatment of metastatic squamous cell cancer. By blocking the PD1 receptors on T cells, it enhances...
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Early Experiences with Nivolumab in Patients with Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma and Failed Target Therapy

Lee JH, Kang M, Chung JH, Sung HH, Jeon HG, Jeong BC, Jeon SS, Lee HM, Park SH, Kim B, Kwon GY, Seo SI

PURPOSE: The efficacy of nivolumab in metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC) has been proven. However, the nivolumab experience in Korean patients with mRCC is still poorly reported. We report initial...
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The Systematic Review of the Efficacy and Safety of Immune Checkpoint Inhibitor in Urological Cancers

Hwang GY, Choi SY, Chang IH

To systematically review relevant literature on efficacy and safety of immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) in patients with advanced and metastatic urothelial cell cancer (UCC), renal cell cancer (RCC), and prostate...
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Riluzole Selective Antioxidant Effects in Cell Models Expressing Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis Endophenotypes

Sala G, Arosio A, Conti E, Beretta S, Lunetta C, Riva N, Ferrarese , Tremolizzo L

OBJECTIVE: Until recently, riluzole was the only drug licensed for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). In spite of its efficacy, the mechanism of action remains elusive, and both blocking of glutamate...
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Cell Death Mechanisms in Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma Induced by Vesicular Stomatitis Virus Matrix Protein

Douzandegan Y, Tahamtan A, Gray Z, Nikoo HR, Tabarraei , Moradi A

OBJECTIVES: Vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV) is under development as an oncolytic virus due to its preferential replication in cancer cells and oncolytic activity, however the viral components responsible have not...
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Successful Treatment of Genital Warts with Ingenol Mebutate Monitored with Optical Coherence Tomography and Reflectance Confocal Microscopy

Reinholz M, Clanner-Engelshofen BM, Heppt MV, Hirai Y, Ruzicka T, Berking C, von Braunmühl T

Ingenol mebutate (IM) is approved for the treatment of actinic keratosis and induces cell death in precancerous lesions. The efficacy of IM in the treatment of genital warts was investigated...
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Bifidobacterium infantis Induces Protective Colonic PD-L1 and Foxp3 Regulatory T Cells in an Acute Murine Experimental Model of Inflammatory Bowel Disease

Zhou L, Liu D, Xie Y, Yao X, Li Y

BACKGROUND/AIMS: The current study aims to investigate the protective effects of Bifidobacterium infantis on the abnormal immune response to inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) in dextran sodium sulfate (DSS)-induced colitis. METHODS: Eight-week-old...
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7,8,4′-Trihydroxyisoflavone, a Metabolized Product of Daidzein, Attenuates 6-Hydroxydopamine-Induced Neurotoxicity in SH-SY5Y Cells

Ko YH, Kim SK, Kwon SH, Seo JY, Lee BR, Kim YJ, Hur KH, Kim SY, Lee SY, Jang CG

Daidzein isolated from soybean (Glycine max) has been widely studied for its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities. However, the protective effects of 7,8,4′-trihydroxyisoflavone (THIF), a major metabolite of daidzein, on 6-hydroxydopamine...
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Early experiences with PD-1 inhibitor treatment of platinum resistant epithelial ovarian cancer

Normann MC, Türzer M, Diep LM, Oldenburg , Gajdzik B, Solheim O, Rud E

OBJECTIVE: In this study, we evaluated the toxicity and clinical efficacy of nivolumab, a programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) inhibitor, on patients with platinum resistant ovarian cancer. METHODS: Every second...
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Effect of apoptosis on G361 cells by Cimicifuga rhizoma extract

Choi BB, Kim GC, Hong JW, Park SR

OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether the cytotoxic effect of Cimicifuga rhizoma extract is associated with cell death in the human keratinocyte (HaCaT) and human melanoma cell lines (G361). METHODS: Apoptosis induced by...
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