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Pediatric Ventricular Assist Device

Shin YR, Park YH, Park HK

There have been great advances in ventricular assist device (VAD) treatment for pediatric patients with advanced heart failure. VAD support provides more time for the patient in the heart transplant...
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Emergency Pulmonary Artery–to-Systemic Artery Shunt to Break the Positive Feedback Loop of a Pulmonary Hypertensive Crisis after Neonatal Coarctation Repair

Shin YR, Yang YH, Park YH, Park HK

A 2.5-kg neonate with coarctation of the aorta and a small left ventricle experienced a severe pulmonary hypertensive crisis. An emergency pulmonary artery-to-systemic artery shunt was placed to break the...
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Accuracy and Efficacy of Impedance Cardiography as a Non-Invasive Cardiac Function Monitor

Kim GE, Kim SY, Kim SJ, Yun SY, Jung HH, Kang YS, Koo BN

PURPOSE: The most common method of monitoring cardiac output (CO) is thermodilution using pulmonary artery catheter (PAC), but this method is associated with complications. Impedance cardiography (ICG) is a non-invasive...
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Magnetic Resonance Imaging Assessment of Blood Flow Distribution in Fenestrated and Completed Fontan Circulation with Special Emphasis on Abdominal Blood Flow

Caro-Dominguez P, Chaturvedi R, Chavhan G, Ling SC, Yim D, Porayette , Lam CZ, Kim TK, Seed M, Grosse-Wortmann L, Yoo SJ

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the regional flow distribution in patients with Fontan circulation by using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We identified 39 children (18 females and 21 males; mean...
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Comparison of the immediate hemodynamic changes induced by unilateral and bilateral spinal anesthesia in hypertensive elderly patients

Cho WJ, Yun SH, Oh JH, Lee K, Kim HJ

BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to compare the frequency of hypotension and immediate hemodynamic changes induced by unilateral and bilateral spinal anesthesia in hypertensive elderly patients. METHODS: Forty hypertensive...
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Correlation between NT-proBNP and lipase levels according to the severity of chronic mitral valve disease in dogs

Park JS, Park JH, Seo KW, Song KH

Chronic mitral valve disease (CMVD) is the most common cardiovascular disease in dogs, causing decreased cardiac output that results in poor tissue perfusion and tissue damage to kidneys, pancreas, and...
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Availability of end-tidal carbon dioxide on change in stroke volume in spontaneous breathing subjects

Yeom SR, Lee JH

OBJECTIVE: Stroke volume (SV) measurements have been used to guide fluid management. Noninvasive, indirect, and convenient measurements of the SV for fluid therapy are required for most patients during spontaneous...
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Efficacy of minimal invasive cardiac output and ScVOâ‚‚ monitoring during controlled hypotension for double-jaw surgery

Kim S, Song J, Ji S, Kwon MA, Nam D

BACKGROUND: Controlled hypotension (CH) provides a better surgical environment and reduces operative time. However, there are some risks related to organ hypoperfusion. The EV1000/FloTrac system can provide continuous cardiac output...
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Comparison of pulse pressure variation and pleth variability index in the prone position in pediatric patients under 2 years old

Ji SH, Song IK, Jang YE, Kim EH, Lee JH, Kim JT, Kim HS

BACKGROUND: The assessment of intravascular volume status is very important especially in children during anesthesia. Pulse pressure variation (PPV) and pleth variability index (PVI) are well known parameters for assessing...
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Fluid responsiveness in the pediatric population

Lee JH, Kim EH, Jang YE, Kim HS, Kim JT

It is challenging to predict fluid responsiveness, that is, whether the cardiac index or stroke volume index would be increased by fluid administration, in the pediatric population. Previous studies on...
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Use of methylene blue in vasoplegic syndrome that developed during non-cardiac surgery: A case report

Oh ID, Shin E, Jeon JM, Woo H, Choi JH

BACKGROUND: Vasoplegic syndrome is an increasingly recognized disease in perioperative medicine and is characterized by severe hypotension, normal or elevated cardiac output, and decreased systemic vascular resistance. It occurs commonly...
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Reliability in Using Routine Coronary CT Angiography with Retrospective Electrocardiographic Gating for the Comprehensive Functional Evaluation of the Left Ventricle

Kang EJ, Hong J, Park J, Lee J

PURPOSE: To evaluate the feasibility of comprehensive left ventricle (LV) functional parameters on routine coronary computed tomographic angiography (CCTA) based on two-dimensional echocardiography (2DE). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ninety-nine patients who underwent...
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Hypercapnia does not shorten emergence time from propofol anesthesia: a pilot randomized clinical study

Kwon KH, Bae H, Kang HG, In J

BACKGROUND: The elimination of anesthetic agents is a decisive factor in the emergence from general anesthesia. In this pilot study, we hypothesized that hypercapnia would decrease the emergence time from...
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Acute Heart Failure Management

ÄŒerlinskaitÄ— K, Javanainen T, Cinotti R, Mebazaa A, on behalf of the Global Research on Acute Conditions Team (GREAT) Network

Acute heart failure (AHF) is a life-threatening medical condition, where urgent diagnostic and treatment methods are of key importance. However, there are few evidence-based treatment methods. Interestingly, despite relatively similar...
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Chronological Echocardiographic Changes in Healthy Term Neonates within Postnatal 72 Hours Using Doppler Studies

Ha KS, Choi BM, Lee EH, Shin J, Cho HJ, Jang GY, Son CS

BACKGROUND: This study evaluated echocardiographic changes in full-term healthy neonates during early transitional period from postnatal 0–72 hours at 12-hour intervals by echocardiography. METHODS: This was a prospective, observational, and longitudinal...
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Compression stockings reduce the incidence of hypotension but not that of cerebral desaturation events in the beach-chair position: a randomized controlled trial

Woo JH, Kim YJ, Jeong JS, Chae JS, Lee YR, Chon JY

BACKGROUND: The beach-chair position (BCP) results in decreases in venous return, cardiac output, and cerebral perfusion pressure. In this randomized, prospective study, we investigated whether applying thigh-high compression stockings affected...
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Cardiovascular dysfunction and liver transplantation

Kwon HM, Hwang GS

Cardiovascular complications have emerged as the leading cause of death after liver transplantation, particularly among those with advanced liver cirrhosis. Therefore, a thorough and accurate cardiovascular evaluation with clear comprehension...
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Critical Illness-Related Corticosteroid Insufficiency in Patients with Low Cardiac Output Syndrome after Cardiac Surgery

Ok YJ, Lim JY, Jung SH

BACKGROUND: Low cardiac output syndrome (LCOS) after cardiac surgery usually requires inotropes. In this setting, critical illness-related corticosteroid insufficiency (CIRCI) may develop. We aimed to investigate the clinical features of...
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Early Clinical Outcomes of Tricuspid Valve Repair with a Tri-Ad Annuloplasty Ring in Comparison with the Outcomes Using an MC³ Ring

Jung W, Choi JW, Hwang HY, Kim KH

BACKGROUND: We evaluated the early clinical outcomes of tricuspid valve annuloplasty (TAP) with the Tri-Ad annuloplasty ring for functional tricuspid regurgitation (TR). METHODS: From January 2015 to March 2017, 36 patients...
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Effect of Patient Characteristics on Vessel Enhancement at Lower Extremity CT Angiography

Masuda T, Nakaura T, Funama Y, Sato T, Higaki T, Kiguchi M, Yamashita , Imada N, Awai K

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of patient characteristics on popliteal aortic contrast enhancement at lower extremity CT angiography (LE-CTA) scanning. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Prior informed consent to participate was obtained from...
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