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Fluoxetine Induces Apoptotic and Oxidative Neuronal Death Associated with The Influx of Copper Ions in Cultured Neuronal Cells

Hwang S, Kim JK

We examined the effect of fluoxetine, a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor antidepressant, on neuronal viability in mouse cortical near-pure neuronal cultures. Addition of fluoxetine to the media for 24 hours...
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Inhibitory effect of carvacrol on lipopolysaccharide-induced memory impairment in rats

Lee B, Yeom M, Shim I, Lee H, Hahm DH

Neuroinflammation is an important process underlying a wide variety of neurodegenerative diseases. Carvacrol (CAR) is a phenolic monoterpene commonly used as a food additive due to its antibacterial properties, but...
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Deficiency or activation of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor α reduces the tissue concentrations of endogenously synthesized docosahexaenoic acid in C57BL/6J mice

Hsiao WT, Su HM, Su KP, Chen SH, Wu HP, You YL, Fu RH, Chao PM

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), an n-3 long chain polyunsaturated fatty acid (LCPUFA), is acquired by dietary intake or the in vivo conversion of α-linolenic acid. Many enzymes participating in LCPUFA...
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Early-Life Stress in D2 Heterozygous Mice Promotes Autistic-like Behaviors through the Downregulation of the BDNF-TrkB Pathway in the Dorsal Striatum

Lee Y, Han PL

A number of specific genetic variants including gene mutations and single nucleotide variations have been identified in genomewide association studies of autism spectrum disorder (ASD). ASD phenotypes in individuals carrying...
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Extracellular Vesicles Derived from Lactobacillus plantarum Increase BDNF Expression in Cultured Hippocampal Neurons and Produce Antidepressant-like Effects in Mice

Choi J, Kim YK, Han PL

Gut microbiota play a role in regulating mental disorders, but the mechanism by which gut microbiota regulate brain function remains unclear. Gram negative and positive gut bacteria release membrane-derived extracellular...
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Effect of Maternal Depression on Brain-derived Neurotrophic Factor Levels in Fetal Cord Blood

Sonmez EO, Uguz F, Sahingoz M, Sonmez G, Kaya N, Camkurt MA, Gokmen Z, Basaran M, Gezginc K, Erdem SS, Dulger HH, Tasyurek E

OBJECTIVE: We aimed to assess the association between cord blood brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) concentration and maternal depression during pregnancy. METHODS: A total of 48 pregnant women, admitted for elective caesarean...
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Microelectric Treatment by Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation in a Rat Model of Acute Spinal Cord Injury

Sohn HM, Lim W, Kim YW, Ko Y, Park M, Kim B

STUDY DESIGN: Animal study. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effects of microelectric treatment by transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) on functional recovery and histological changes in a rat model of spinal cord...
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Reduction of Inflammation and Enhancement of Motility after Pancreatic Islet Derived Stem Cell Transplantation Following Spinal Cord Injury

Karaoz E, Tepekoy F, Yilmaz I, Subasi C, Kabatas S

OBJECTIVE: Spinal cord injury (SCI) is a very serious health problem, usually caused by a trauma and accompanied by elevated levels of inflammation indicators. Stem cell-based therapy is promising some...
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Treadmill Exercise Alleviates Circadian Rhythm Disruption-Induced Memory Deficits by Activation of Glucocorticoid Receptor and Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor-Dependent Pathway

Kim SE, Ko IG, Ji ES, Jin JJ, Hwang L, Kim SH, Cho S, Kim CJ, Kim K, Kim KH

PURPOSE: Circadian rhythm affects learning process, memory consolidation, and long-term memory. In this study, the alleviating effect of exercise on circadian rhythm disruption-induced memory deficits was investigated. METHODS: BMAL1 knockdown transgenic...
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Gadd45b Acts as Neuroprotective Effector in Global Ischemia-Induced Neuronal Death

Cho CH, Byun HR, Jover-Mengual T, Pontarelli F, Dejesus C, Cho AR, Zukin RS, Hwang JY

PURPOSE: Transient global ischemia arising in human due to cardiac arrest causes selective, delayed neuronal death in hippocampal CA1 and cognitive impairment. Growth arrest and DNA-damage-inducible protein 45 beta (Gadd45b)...
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Neurobiological understanding of suicide

Kim S, Lee KU

Suicide is a complex phenomenon resulting from interactions between individual vulnerabilities and socio-environmental factors. The current review primarily focuses on research into the serotonin system, hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis, neurotrophic factors, lipid...
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Effect of Polydeoxyribonucleotide on Lipopolysaccharide and Sevoflurane-Induced Postoperative Cognitive dysfunction in Human Neuronal SH-SY5Y Cells

Jeong H, Chung JY, Ko IG, Kim SH, Jin JJ, Hwang L, Moon EJ, Lee BJ, Yi JW

PURPOSE: Postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) is a complication of surgery characterized by acute cognitive dysfunction, memory impairment, and loss of attention. The effect of polydeoxyribonucleotide (PDRN) on the POCD environment...
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Neurofeedback Treatment on Depressive Symptoms and Functional Recovery in Treatment-Resistant Patients with Major Depressive Disorder: an Open-Label Pilot Study

Lee YJ, Lee GW, Seo WS, Koo BH, Kim HG, Cheon EJ

BACKGROUND: We evaluated the effects of neurofeedback as an augmentation treatment on depressive symptoms and functional recovery in patients with treatment-resistant depression (TRD). METHODS: We included 24 adult patients with TRD...
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Prediction of Chemotherapy-Induced Peripheral Neuropathy in Patients with Lymphoma and Myeloma: the Roles of Brain-Derived Neurotropic Factor Protein Levels and A Gene Polymorphism

Azoulay D, Giryes S, Nasser R, Sharon R, Horowitz N

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is a neuronal growth factor that plays an essential role in the maintenance of the nervous system. We have evaluated the peripheral blood...
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Neuroprotective Effects of Spinosin on Recovery of Learning and Memory in a Mouse Model of Alzheimer's Disease

Xu F, He B, Xiao F, Yan T, Bi K, Jia Y, Wang Z

Previous studies have shown that spinosin was implicated in the modulation of sedation and hypnosis, while its effects on learning and memory deficits were rarely reported. The aim of this...
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Alterations in Serum BDNF and GDNF Levels after 12 Weeks of Antidepressant Treatment in Female Outpatients with Major Depressive Disorder

Park YM, Lee BH

OBJECTIVE: Some clinical studies have found alterations in the levels of serum brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) after applying antidepressant treatment in patients with...
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196G/A of the Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor Gene Polymorphisms Predicts Suicidal Behavior in Schizophrenia Patients

Kim EJ, Kim YK

OBJECTIVE: Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) has possible neurobiologic impact on etiology of schizophrenia. We hypothesized that the specific allele or the genotype such as two single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) ,...
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Decreased IL-1ra and NCAM-1/CD56 Serum Levels in Unmedicated Patients with Schizophrenia Before and After Antipsychotic Treatment

Chu CS, Li DJ, Chu CL, Wu CC, Lu T

OBJECTIVE: Schizophrenia (SZ) has been associated with the inflammatory-related and immunological pathogenesis. This study investigates the aberration of cytokines in patients with SZ. METHODS: Thirty patients with SZ without antipsychotic treatment...
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Orexin-A inhibits capsaicin-induced changes in cyclooxygenase-2 and brain-derived neurotrophic factor expression in trigeminal nucleus caudalis of rats

Kooshki R, Abbasnejad M, Esmaeili Mahani S, Raoof M, Moeini Aghtaei MM, Dabiri S

BACKGROUND: The trigeminal nucleus caudalis (Vc) is a primary central site for trigeminal transmitting. Noxious stimulation of the trigeminal nociceptors alters the central synaptic releases and neural expression of some...
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Comparison of the effect of three licorice varieties on cognitive improvement via an amelioration of neuroinflammation in lipopolysaccharide-induced mice

Cho MJ, Kim JH, Park CH, Lee AY, Shin YS, Lee JH, Park CG, Cho EJ

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Neuroinflammation plays critical role in neurodegenerative disorders, such as Alzheimer's disease (AD). We investigated the effect of three licorice varieties, Glycyrhiza uralensis, G. glabra, and Shinwongam (SW) on a...
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