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The MicroRNA hsa-let-7g Promotes Proliferation and Inhibits Apoptosis in Lung Cancer by Targeting HOXB1

Cui F, Zhou Q, Xiao K, Ma S

PURPOSE: The goal of this study was to explore the effects of hsa-let-7g on cell proliferation and apoptosis, and elucidate its role in lung cancer development. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The expression...
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MiR-484 Protects Rat Myocardial Cells from Ischemia-Reperfusion Injury by Inhibiting Caspase-3 and Caspase-9 during Apoptosis

Liu H, Li S, Jiang W, Li Y

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To reveal the detail mechanism of miR-484 on myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (MI/R) injury. METHODS: Rats model of MI/R injury was established based on control (Con; sham operate) group, ischemia-reperfusion...
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Neuroprotective effects of urolithin A on Hâ‚‚Oâ‚‚-induced oxidative stress-mediated apoptosis in SK-N-MC cells

Kim KB, Lee S, Kim JH

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Oxidative stress causes cell damage and death, which contribute to the pathogenesis of neurodegenerative diseases. Urolithin A (UA), a gut microbial-derived metabolite of ellagitannins and ellagic acid, has high...
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Quercetin-induced apoptosis ameliorates vascular smooth muscle cell senescence through AMP-activated protein kinase signaling pathway

Kim SG, Sung JY, Kim JR, Choi HC

Aging is one of the risk factors for the development of cardiovascular diseases. During the progression of cellular senescence, cells enter a state of irreversible growth arrest and display resistance...
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Curcumin Inhibits the Proliferation, Migration, Invasion, and Apoptosis of Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma Cell Line by Regulating MiR-21/VHL Axis

Chen L, Zhan CZ, Wang T, You H, Yao R

PURPOSE: Curcumin exerts its anti-cancer effects, partly by targeting special microRNAs, in human cancers. MiR-21 is a key oncomir in carcinogenesis of multiple human cancers. Here, we aimed to further...
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Trifolium pratense induces apoptosis through caspase pathway in FaDu human hypopharynx squamous carcinoma cells

Lee SA, Park BR, Kim CS

Trifolium pratense leaves (red clover) has been used in Oriental and European folk medicine for the treatment of whooping cough, asthma, and eczema, and is now being used to treat...
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Nrf2-Heme oxygenase-1 modulates autophagy and inhibits apoptosis triggered by elevated glucose levels in renal tubule cells

Kim JH, Kim KM, Jeong JU, Shin JH, Shin JM, Bang KT

BACKGROUND: Autophagy is a highly balanced process in which lysosomes remove aged and damaged organelles and cellular proteins. Autophagy is essential to maintain homeostasis in the kidneys. METHODS: Using human renal...
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Long Intergenic Non-Protein Coding RNA 665 Regulates Viability, Apoptosis, and Autophagy via the MiR-186-5p/MAP4K3 Axis in Hepatocellular Carcinoma

Shan Y, Li P

PURPOSE: Long intergenic non-protein coding RNA 665 (LINC00665) plays a vital role in the development of cancer. Its function in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), however, remains largely unknown. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The...
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Pseudolaric acid B inhibits PAX2 expression through Wnt signaling and induces BAX expression, therefore promoting apoptosis in HeLa cervical cancer cells

Guan D, Li C, Lv X, Yang Y

OBJECTIVES: Pseudolaric acid B (PAB) has been shown to inhibit the growth of various tumor cells, but the molecular details of its function are still unknown. This study investigated the...
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Purpurogallin Protects Keratinocytes from Damage and Apoptosis Induced by Ultraviolet B Radiation and Particulate Matter 2.5

Zhen AX, Piao MJ, Hyun YJ, Kang KA, Ryu YS, Cho SJ, Kang HK, Koh YS, Ahn MJ, Kim TH, Hyun JW

Purpurogallin, a natural phenol obtained from oak nutgalls, has been shown to possess antioxidant, anticancer, and anti-inflammatory effects. Recently, in addition to ultraviolet B (UVB) radiation that induces cell apoptosis...
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Effect of apoptosis on G361 cells by Cimicifuga rhizoma extract

Choi BB, Kim GC, Hong JW, Park SR

OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether the cytotoxic effect of Cimicifuga rhizoma extract is associated with cell death in the human keratinocyte (HaCaT) and human melanoma cell lines (G361). METHODS: Apoptosis induced by...
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Tannic acid-induced apoptosis in FaDu hypopharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma

Ta LT, Nguyen TT, Yoo H

Tannic acid (TA) is a water-soluble polyphenol compound found in various herbal plants. We investigated the chemopreventive effects of TA on FaDu hypopharyngeal squamous carcinoma cells. In an 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide...
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Beta-carotene prevents the spermatogenic disorders induced by exogenous scrotal hyperthermia through modulations of oxidative stress, apoptosis, and androgen biosynthesis in mice

Yon JM, Kim JS, Lin C, Park SG, Gwon LW, Lee JG, Baek IJ, Nahm SS, Nam SY

We investigated whether β-carotene (β-CA) or ellagic acid (EA), originating from various fruits and vegetables, has a preventive effect against male infertility induced by exogenous scrotal hyperthermia. ICR adult mice...
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Overexpression of Tumor Protein p53-regulated Apoptosis-inducing Protein 1 Regulates Proliferation and Apoptosis of Breast Cancer Cells through the PI3K/Akt Pathway

Liang Y, Wang S, Liu J

PURPOSE: Tumor protein p53-regulated apoptosis-inducing protein 1 (TP53AIP1) functions in various cancers. We studied the effect and molecular mechanism of TP53AIP1 in breast cancer. METHODS: The degree of correlation between TP53AIP1...
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Upregulation of miR-27b Facilitates Apoptosis of TNF-α-Stimulated Fibroblast-Like Synoviocytes

Lei S, Chen G, Deng L, He J

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to explore the function of microRNA-27b (miR-27b) in fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLSs) stimulated by tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α). MATERIALS AND METHODS: mRNA expression of...
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Induction of Melanoma Cell-Selective Apoptosis Using Anti-HER2 Antibody-Conjugated Gold Nanoparticles

Jeon HJ, Choi BB, Park KH, Hwang DS, Kim UK, Kim GC

PURPOSE: This study was conducted to verify the induction and mechanism of selective apoptosis in G361 melanoma cells using anti-HER2 antibody-conjugated gold nanoparticles (GNP-HER2). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Following GNP-HER2 treatment of...
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Bacoside A Induced Sub-G0 Arrest and Early Apoptosis in Human Glioblastoma Cell Line U-87 MG through Notch Signaling Pathway

Aithal MG, Rajeswari

BACKGROUND: Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is a highly malignant brain tumor with a worst prognosis of less than one year despite advance treatment facilities. Among various signaling pathway genes displaying genetic...
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Myricetin Protects Against High Glucose-Induced β-Cell Apoptosis by Attenuating Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress via Inactivation of Cyclin-Dependent Kinase 5

Karunakaran U, Elumalai S, Moon JS, Jeon JH, Kim ND, Park KG, Won KC, Leem J, Lee IK

BACKGROUND: Chronic hyperglycemia has deleterious effects on pancreatic β-cell function and turnover. Recent studies support the view that cyclin-dependent kinase 5 (CDK5) plays a role in β-cell failure under hyperglycemic...
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Induction of Apoptosis Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi Root Extract by Inactivation of the Phosphatidyl Inositol 3-kinase/Akt Signaling Pathway in Human Leukemia U937 Cells

Choi EO, Hwang HJ, Choi YH

BACKGROUND: The roots of Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi (Labiatae) have been widely used in traditional medicine for treatment of various diseases. In this study, we investigated the effects of ethanol extracts...
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Effects of Human Placental Amnion Derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells on Proliferation and Apoptosis Mechanisms in Chronic Kidney Disease in the Rat

Cetinkaya , Unek G, Kipmen-Korgun D, Koksoy S, Korgun ET

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The feature of chronic kidney failure (CKF) is loss of kidney functions due to erosion of healthy tissue and fibrosis. Recent studies showed that Mesenchymal stem cells...
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