J Korean Acad Nurs.  2006 Jun;36(4):630-636.

Effects of Music Therapy on Pain, Discomfort, and Depression for Patients with Leg Fractures

  • 1Dongsan Medical Center, Korea.
  • 2Collage of Nursing, Keimyung University, Korea. kmp@kmu.ac.kr


PURPOSE: To determine the effects of music therapy on pain, discomfort, and depression for patients with leg fractures. METHODS: Data were collected from 40 patients admitted in an orthopedic surgery care unit. The subjects included 20 intervention group members and 20 control group members. Music therapy was offered to intervention group members once a day for 3 days for 30-60 minutes per day. Pain was measured with a numeric rating scale and by measuring vital signs. Discomfort and depression were measured with self-administered questionnaires. RESULTS: Patients who received music therapy had a lower degree of pain than patients who did not receive music therapy as measured by the numeric pain score (p<0.001), systolic blood pressure (p<0.01), diastolic blood pressure (p<0.001), pulse rate (p<0.001) and respiration (p<0.001). Patients who were provided with music therapy also had a lower degree of discomfort than patients who were not provided with this therapy (p<0.01). CONCLUSIONS: These results demonstrate that music therapy is an effective method for decreasing pain and dis-comfort for patients with leg fractures.


Music therapy; Pain; Discomfort; Depression; Patients with leg fractures

MeSH Terms

Analysis of Variance
Depressive Disorder/etiology/*prevention & control
Fractures, Bone/*complications/psychology
Middle Aged
*Music Therapy
Pain/etiology/*prevention & control
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