J Korean Phys Ther.  2023 Dec;35(6):200-205. 10.18857/jkpt.2023.35.6.200.

Effects of Gait Training Using a Shoulder-Back Orthosis on Balance and Gait in Patients with Stroke

  • 1Department of Physical Therapy, College of Medical Science, Catholic University of Daegu, Daegu, Republic of Korea
  • 2Department of Physical Therapy, Gangneung Yeongdong University, Gangneung, Republic of Korea


The purpose of this study is to find out how gait training with shoulder-back assistive device affects dynamic and static balance, gait of patients with stroke and to help improve body alignment, balance, and gait ability in stroke patients.
Measurements were taken of the 20 subjects before intervention without shoulder-back assistive device, after intervention with device, and follow up after an hour compared. Berg balance scale used to evaluate dynamic balance; wii balance board was used to measure static balance; and gait ability were measured by timed up and go test and 10-meter walk test. To analyze the results, a one-way repeated measures analysis of variance was implemented to compare the measurements.
The results showed that, after wearing the shoulder-back assistive device, the subjects’ dynamic balance statistically significantly improved; no statistically significant difference was observed in static balance, although their balance ability was enhanced; and their increase in gait ability was statistically significant.
This study proved that gait training combined with a shoulder-back assistive device positively impacted dynamic and static balance, gait of patients with stroke.


Balance; Gait; Stroke; Shoulder-back orthosis
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