Res Community Public Health Nurs.  2023 Jun;34(2):147-157. 10.12799/rcphn.2023.00066.

What Determines the Health-related Quality of Life of Vietnamese Migrant Workers in Korea?

  • 1Assistant professor, Department of Nursing, Jesus University, Jeonju, Korea
  • 2Research fellow, Institute for Southeast Asian Studies, Jeonbuk National University, Korea
  • 3Professor, College of Nursing, Research Institute of Nursing Science, Jeonbuk National University, Jeonju, Korea


Over time, the number of migrant workers in Korea has shown a steady increase. Notably, among all migrant workers, those from Vietnam constitute the third largest group in Korea. The main objective of this study was to investigate the factors that influence the health-related quality of life of Vietnamese migrant workers. The study aimed to provide essential data for the development of customized nursing intervention programs and policy preparation in the future.
A total of 220 Vietnamese migrant workers aged between 18 and 64, who were employed in Korea through the Employment Permit System and had been residing in the country for more than 91 days, participated in this study.
The study results revealed that physical activity (β=.19, p=.002), hope (β=.50, p <. 001), cohabitation with colleagues (β=.16, p =.003), and sleep hour (β=.11, p =. 031) had a statistically significant impact on health-related quality of life. The findings showed that higher levels of physical activity and hope were positively associated with higher health-related quality of life. Moreover, cohabiting with colleagues and sleeping for more than six hours were also significantly related to higher health-related quality of life.
Given these findings, it is imperative to develop programs that encourage physical activity and enhance the health-related quality of life of migrant workers from Vietnam. Policymakers and employers should also consider providing adequate living conditions that facilitate cohabitation with colleagues and sufficient time for sleep to improve the health and well-being of migrant workers.


Health; Quality of Life; Migrants; Work
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